Gently remove the mother plant from its potting vessel and remove the excess soil from the chosen root. The Zz plant does not need a lot of light and therefore can do well in any type of space! Be sure to have your ZZ on a proper watering schedule, allowing the soil to dry out in between. The leaves arch & spread out much more than those in the photo above. Sometimes that’s easier said than done. I would still consider it a lower light situation, but it is sufficient for me since the new growth is strong and the growth rate is actually much faster than I expected for this plant. If the root ball sits below one inch from the lip, add more soil; if it’s closer than one inch from the lip, remove some soil. The root ball has started to come through above soil level and I can see from your experiments that it’s probably time to repot. ZZ plants need excellent drainage. You can pot it up into its own pot after this, or leave it in the pot that you propagated it in. How Long it Takes for New Plants to Grow? Instead, tip the container over and gently try to slide the plant out upside down, with the central stems threaded between your fingers as they hold the soil surface. I did not let my leaves callous over. Hi Lisa! Re-pot ZZ plants every spring. Water very lightly and place the pot in a warm location with bright indirect light. Especially when the potting soil is mostly composed of perlite and vermiculite, which drains well but has no real nutrients. The ZZ plant is a great choice for office buildings and homes, and the crow-colored variety is no exception.. History and discovery of the ZZ raven. If the soil is loose or the roots have filled the bottom of the pot, it’s ready for a bigger space. The reason ZZ Plants don’t need watered very frequently is because they retain water in their rhizomes, which look like little bulbous potatoes under the dirt. However, it’s one true Achilles heel is poor drainage. I’ll be keeping it on my porch where there is great natural light. When you see a plant tag that says “low light,” it doesn’t necessarily mean that the plant NEEDS low light. When to Water Your ZZ: Four Signs Your Plant Needs a Drink, Propagating Monstera Deliciosa In Soil: Step By Step Instructions, Why Your Monstera Leaves Aren’t Splitting: What You Can Do To Help, Monstera Adansonii and Moss Poles: How to Train Your Plant to Climb. Repotting a ZZ Plant is actually a pretty straightforward process. but there are now enough roots to plant this stem up in soil. The other method, which is the safest but takes longer, is I like to use a cactus and succulent mix for these plants, but I also will mix in additional coarse perlite or pumice. ZZ Plants are generally slow-growing plants, but there are a few reasons why they should occasionally be repotted. We are a member of several affiliate advertising programs designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to external sites. If it shows any signs of stress from being underwatered, you want to correct that before transplanting. It is very difficult to kill this plant unless you go heavy with the watering can! As I mentioned above, repotting your ZZ Plant affords you the perfect opportunity to assess whether or not you can divide your rhizome to create multiple new plants. Alternatively, ZZ plants … The zamioculcas zamiifolia grows fine with low levels of light, but it's best to avoid direct sunlight. Take your ZZ plant leaf cuttings from mature stems. If you get curious, you can gently pull the leaf out after a month or so and inspect for any roots and rhizome formation. Most all-purpose or balanced houseplant fertilizers are good to use. Seed germination takes around 7 days. All of these materials should be readily available at your local garden center. Anywhere between complete darkness and full direct sun will be suitable for this plant, and this is not an exaggeration. For the potting mix, you can use about half seed starting potting mix (or even a normal all-purpose potting mix if that’s what you have on hand) and half perlite. Great job! I'm glad you enjoy my sites :-). Fill in the rest of the pot with the same quality soil. ZZ Plants have a somewhat overblown reputation for being “poisonous,” some even going so far as to claim they cause cancer. After watering it thoroughly, I will wait pretty much until all of the soil is completely dry. These store water, which is why the plant can often be subject to over-watering, but does well during droughts and places where frequent watering is not always easy. ZZ Plants have roots and rhizomes below the surface of the soil, and over time, they grow to fill the pot. I noted earlier that you’ll want to be very careful when transplanting your ZZ to avoid breaking off healthy stems that may take a long time for the plant to replace. If so, your ZZ plant may have suffered from root rot. You can adjust the ratios to your liking. If the soil is still wet from the last time you watered, this is not necessary. If the plant doesn’t want to come out easily, you can squeeze the sides of the container or use a butter knife to slide around the inside edge of the pot to loosen the soil before trying again. Once it is drained, you can place your ZZ back in its regular spot in your home. Repeat this watering schedule when the ZZ plant's soil gets dry again. ZZ Plants, being the low-key, easy-going plants they are, aren’t super picky about when they get repotted. You definitely want to at least wait until the top inch or two of the soil is dry before watering again. This article is intended to answer all of your questions about the step by step process of repotting a ZZ Plant. Check for roots and rhizome formation after a month. What Soil is Best for Pilea Peperomioides? Carefully place your ZZ Plant in the soil mound, making sure it is sitting at the right height. These store water, which is why the plant can often be subject to over-watering but does well during droughts and places where frequent watering is not always easy. Think of it as their way of saying, “Thank you!”. Thank you for your very informative blog (website). After all, ZZ plants have succulent-like properties, storing loads of water in their leaves and stems! Amount Of Water Used. Once you’ve freed your ZZ from the confines of its cramped pot, you are now ready to transplant it to the new container you’ve chosen. Giving them more space allows the plant to continue putting out root growth, which benefits the plant, and often translates to more stem and leaf growth. Give it proper care as detailed in this post, and your ZZ plant will grow quickly too! The first step to successfully repotting your ZZ is to decide if it is necessary. My go-to potting soil when I want to use a succulent/cactus mix is Miracle Gro Cactus Palm and Citrus mix. Making larger cuts can be scary at first, especially considering all the care and attention you’ve given your ZZ up to this point, but this plant is resilient. Or if you have a cactus/succulent mix, use half of this mixture and half perlite. increase your light levels. ZZ Plants are professional survivalists, capable of handling weeks of neglect from us, often emerging as the sole surviving houseplant when we finally remember to water them. Fortunately, this is an easy thing to accomplish using common, store-bought potting soils. You can put them straight into water. Just enough so that the leaves are stable and aren’t wobbling around. It might seem like a small detail, but keeping your plants in the correct pot sizes really sets them up to thrive, and you often get to witness a burst of growth as they take advantage of their extra-roomy new digs. Beneath the plants that you see above the soil are thick, potato-like roots known as rhizomes. A rhizome is basically a modified stem structure that grows through the dirt horizontally and produces nodes, which are points where new roots and stems can grow from. I can afford to go for a bigger pot as it’s an office plant so space isn’t as tight. Simply insert each ZZ plant leaf as shown in the photo above into a small pot of soil. The Take care and thanks for commenting! You typically won't need to re-pot a ZZ plant after its first five years of life. Allow the cut end to callus over for a few hours. simply to take leaf cuttings! Contractile roots – plants like hyacinths use contractile roots to pull the new bulb down to the right level for it to grow, since the new bulb is produced above the old one in the soil. If your growth is floppy and very weak, you may need to For your ZZ Plant, this would allow plenty of time for it to establish rhizome and root growth in the new pot and helps avoid any stress related to otherwise tight growing conditions throughout the bright, summer months.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); Before we jump into the steps to successfully transplant your ZZ Plant, I wanted to take a quick minute to review the plant’s root structure, so we’re all on the same page. If you find yourself adversely affected by it, take some extra precautions when repotting your ZZ.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_6',113,'0','0'])); Wear gloves to avoid direct contact with your skin. In some cases, you might discover there are multiple separated, or almost-separated, rhizomes in the container. It is a must have in any houseplant collection! The soil cycling back and forth, from very wet to very dry, can definitely stress the plant and create an ideal environment for certain root fungi to take hold in the soil.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'thehealthyhouseplant_com-box-4','ezslot_3',109,'0','0'])); It may also be important to repot your plant after long periods of time to refresh the pot’s soil. Remember, if you know you are, or afraid you might be, susceptible to ZZ Plant sap, now is the time to slip on your gardening gloves to avoid skin irritation. ZZ plant soil and planting Soil. Beneath the rhizome, the plant’s roots grow into the soil, soaking up water to store in the rhizome. Growth Science Organic Root Magic (0-0-4) By building the roots, you are building the foundation of your plant. Obviously, you’ll want one that is bigger than what it was previously planted in, but not so big that the plant looks dwarfed in it. Be sure to check that your plant has adequate light so it can continue to grow and get established in the new container. Be sure to clean up any plant pieces, like trimmed stems or dropped leaves, so a curious pet isn’t tempted to take a nibble. Provide the plant with a thorough watering, and it should grow beautifully. Never let this plant sit in water for extended periods of time, otherwise it may quickly rot. When you repot a ZZ plant should the rhizomes be exposed or planted underneath the soil? ress_js("//z-na.amazon-adsystem.com/widgets/onejs?MarketPlace=US&adInstanceId=3727937f-fd2d-4a8e-aac6-737ec7e1cc2a"); Ohio Tropics (Raffaele Di Lallo) is a participant in the Amazon.com Services LLC program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. These are signs of rot and will need to be carefully cut out to keep the rot from spreading. I was planning on writing a post on ZZ plant leaf propagation, but haven't gotten around to it yet. If so, you’ll want to water thoroughly and then allow your plant a couple of days to absorb water into the rhizome. If you’ve eliminated all other potential reasons for the stalks drooping or falling over, you may find it simply needs a good boost of fertilizer to help encourage it to thrive. Typically, many houseplants put out enough growth in a season that they can be replanted every year. Do you have a ZZ plant? People most commonly come into contact with it through the sap when they are pruning or transplanting their ZZ Plants. You may be able to see rhizomes peeking up out of the soil at the base of your plant. The rhizomes should be underneath the soil :-). Grab your ZZ and read on! The root ball should go under the soil line for sure. Was thinking maybe there is a post dedicated to it? A planter that is too large requires more soil to fill and retains excess water, meaning it takes much longer for the soil to properly dry out between watering. Keep an eye out for any mushy, brown roots or similar spots on the rhizome. VIEW ON AMAZON. They like moisture but don’t appreciate standing water. Your plants all look so healthy. First, hold the rhizome in your hand and look for any rhizomes separating from the main structure that have their own root and stem structures growing from them. I searched for zz plant propagation on your blog but did not find a detailed one (i.e., one with info on where exactly do I pick the leaves off the stem, do I let it callous first before letting it sit in water?). Most literature says that ZZ plants grow slowly, but this is not my experience! No leftover water needed to stand in the plant saucer! If there are spots of rot on the rhizome, you can actually excise those areas with a clean knife with little risk to the entire plant. For ZZ plants, I will wait quite a while before watering again. Why Your Monstera Deliciosa Is Crying, Sweating and Dripping Water, How to Save a ZZ Plant From Root Rot: A Step By Step Guide, Can You Propagate Pilea Plants from Leaves? Promptly take it out of its pot and repot it. ZZ Plant Propagation. To make sure your soil medium is porous and well-drained, combine three parts quality, pre-mixed potting soil with one part cactus or succulent mix. The clay pot won't give like the plastic one and will contain those vigorous, large roots much better. Although this plant is tolerant of very low light, don’t expect it to grow too much if your light is very poor. Don’t overthink this one. When the soil is in place, plant the root ball to where it’s one inch below the rim of the planter. The time it takes new ZZ plants to grow depends on the propagation method used. It’s not uncommon for ZZ rhizomes to stick out of the soil a little bit. Search for natural points of division and saw through the root and rhizomes using a utility knife. Kind of…. If any part of it is within an inch of the container’s side, you should probably plan to pot it up to the next size. This plant is one of the best plants for lower light conditions, rivaling only a handful of others like Pothos and Sansevieria. Copyright © 2020 Houseplant Care Tips | Trellis Framework by Mediavine, Cast Iron Plant Care: How to Care for Aspidistra Elatior, Ultimate Top 10 Most Popular Houseplant Care Blog Posts, ZZ Plant Leaf Propagation: 2 Easy Water and Soil Methods. Firm the soil around the roots in the pot and leave an inch below the rim and the top of the soil. Let the stem sit on the countertop for 1-2 hours to allow the cut to lightly callus over and then place your stem into a small glass or vial of water. The ability of roots to be able to function properly depends greatly on the soil structure/texture, which can change over time. Then just wait! Input your search keywords and press Enter. I do like to add either additional coarse perlite or pumice to this mix as well. The rhizome stores water until the next watering, which is why you should never overwater this plant. Once you have your potato-shaped root, you can plant it into a new container filled with potting soil. Enough so that it is stable and doesn’t wobble around. The ZZ plant has a rather unique looking root system. If it doesn’t have one, drill your own, or opt for something that does. I'm glad you enjoyed the blog post! The cactus mix will add enough porous material to the standard potting soil to ensure excellent drainage. In ZZ Plants, the rhizome is typically very round and swells large to store water and nutrients for the plant to use during times of drought. Help for an Overwatered ZZ Plant: 5 Steps to Recovery, How to Choose the Best Soil and Pot for Your ZZ Plant, ZZ Plants and Coffee Grounds: Tips to Naturally Fertilize Your Plant, Why Do ZZ Leaves Curl? Otherwise, you may be surprised when you inevitably pull out a giant “potato” from the pot during transplant. When you repot the plant, you would simply divide the plant at the root system and then simply repot. Using a sharp, clean pair of shears or scissors, clip out any mushy, brown, or black roots. Leaves get pulled off. For more information on choosing the best soil and containers for your ZZ Plants, read this article. As long as you’ve got your ZZ in a large enough container, it is perfectly happy to keep growing as is. If you do find yourself with a broken stem, clean it up by removing any damaged portions or leaves. There is a rather large pro-terracotta crowd out there exalting the benefits of the clay pots. Use the same well-draining potting mix as described above, sow the seeds, keep the soil moist, and wait for the plant to grow. Some of the links in this post may be affiliate links. However, if the plant becomes root-bound, or the rhizome grows to the edge of the pot, this hinders the plant’s ability to absorb water and nutrients and essentially slows the growth of the entire plant. Avoid touching your eyes or mouth during repotting and wash your hands with soap and water when you have finished. You want to ensure the transition from water to soil goes smoothly by providing a bit of fertilizer. ZZ Plants grow from structures called rhizomes. I will be writing a post though at some point for my blog. The Zz plant grows fast and is very easy to care for. I just received my ZZ, actually last week. It’s no secret that I’m a big fan of my ZZ Plants (Zamioculcas Zamiifolia), mainly because they’re low maintenance and make great foliage additions to my living room. About 1/3 of the leaf or so should be in the potting mix. You may run the risk of damaging the plant however since the rhizomes can be difficult to work with. But if you are a forgetful waterer, this is one of the best plants that you can grow! The best soil choice would be fast-draining cactus potting mix. ZZ Plants don’t like to sit in water, and you can attribute almost every issue it has (yellowing leaves, stunted growth, rot) to overwatering. procedure is as follows: Snip a single leaf off of the plant. :-). However, what do you do when they eventually outgrow their pots and look like they need to be transplanted? I like to water thoroughly until water drains out of the drainage holes. It is best to take a few leaves because not all of them will necessarily root! Like all of my houseplants, I like to fertilize dilutely at every watering starting in late Winter and continuing through early Fall. How to care for ZZ plant: grow the Zamioculcas plant in well-draining potting soil and only water the plant when the soil is partly dry. Place in a warm area with bright light during the day. It will take about 3-6 weeks, but eventually, you should see the beginning of a new rhizome forming and a few roots branching out into the water. There are a couple ways that you can propagate the ZZ plant. Is it moist? The most obvious reason is that repotting allows the plant more room to grow! If this does happen, you should make the most of it. should it be where it can be seen or under the dirt. ZZ plant also has an interesting looking root system. For more a more detailed and visual post on how to propagate ZZ plant leaves in both water and soil, check out my blog post ZZ Plant Leaf Propagation: 2 Easy Water and Soil Methods. While the ZZ plant is low maintenance overall, there are a few factors that could result in your ZZ plant leaves turning yellow. This is also a perfect opportunity to inspect your plant’s roots and rhizome to make sure everything looks healthy. When a houseplant becomes too rootbound, you might notice the soil drying out much faster, typically requiring you to water more. Water when the top two inches of the soil is dry. However, the first couple weeks you’ll need to water a little more frequently because they are used to … ZZ Plant Care Tips Exposure. One is through division-by dividing the root into two separate clumps; by leaf cuts or through rooting of the leaflets. Be sure you don't place them in too much direct sun though...but it sounds like whatever you are doing to your plant is working well :-). You’ll want to avoid yanking on any stems to free your plant from the old pot. This is really one of the few plants that can tolerate those conditions. For a ZZ, a happy home consists of an appropriately-sized pot filled with rich, well-draining soil. Another related reason to repot your ZZ Plant is to avoid stunted growth. Light. The idea here is to make sure the plant is happy before moving it to a new environment. Found in all parts of the plant, including the sap, calcium oxalate can irritate the skin, eyes, or other soft tissues when you come into contact with it. By following these instructions, you’re setting up your ZZ Plant with precisely what it needs to flourish in your home. Calcium oxalate is a naturally occurring compound in nature and a known irritant for people and animals. Thank you! In fact, my ZZ plant even shot out plenty of new growth in the middle of our dismal Ohio winters. You should find that your ZZ Plant loves the extra room you’ve given it, and you may even be rewarded with a rarely seen growth spurt over the next few months. As I mentioned above, repotting allows for more space for the plant to spread its root system. This ensures there is plenty of room for the roots to continue growing without getting rootbound. Position the ZZ on top of the moist soil. ZZ Plants hate sitting in wet, soggy soil, so it is important to repot them in an appropriate size. 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