Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. The PLANTS Database. Share. Cunnington, J. H., Aldaoud, R., Loh, M., Washington, W. S., Irvine, G., 2008. These species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and floral traits (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018): Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Jones D, O’Neill T, 2004. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2015. 2001, Debris and waste associated with human activities,,,,,,,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Both native and introduced in the country. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden., Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. In: Plant invasions: human perception, ecological impacts and management, [ed. Balsamina foemina Gaertn. Biological Invasions, 17(1), 149-163. doi: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar, K. C., 2012. Online Database. 273 pp. Darbyshire, S. J., 2003. Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Solomon Islands introduced invasive In Nicaragua, and other tropical regions, this species flowers and fruits throughout the year (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Flora of Nicaragua, 2018). Impatiens glandulifera. Starting at $2.50 USD Out of Stock American Germander Seeds Teucrium canadense Quick View One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. There is no information available for the specific control of I. balsamina, however, herbicides such as 2,4-D, triclopyr and glyphosate have been recommended to control the closely related species I. glandulifera (CABI, 2018). Bolivia Catalogue. San José, Costa Rica: Asociación para la Conservación y el Estudio de la Biodiversidad. Celesti-Grapow L, Pretto F, Carli E, Blasi C, 2010. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. In: Flora Mesoamericana. GRIIS, 2018. Impatiens are found all over the world but this particular species is native to India, Bangaladesh and Burma. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team., Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018. Biological Invasions. Non-Hosts: New Guinea impatiens, Impatiens hawkeri, and other plants are NOT affected., Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. I. balsamina grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but moist soils. Aphids feed on plant sap causing distorted growth, the spotted cucumber beetle (Diabrotica undecimpunctata) feeds on blossom and the tarnished plant bug (Lygus lineolaris) feeds on new shoots causing them to turn black (Gilman and Howe, 1999). The stems, leaves and oil of the seeds are used in traditional Asian medicine for promoting blood circulation and for relieving pain and sore throats (Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2018; PROTA, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018). The optimum temperature for germination is 25-28°C, and for the seedlings a night temperature of about 20°C is needed (Gilman and Howe, 1999; van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001)., PIER, 2018. > 10°C, Cold average temp. I. balsamina spreads by seed. Last updated October 2018    /    Privacy, This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level, CABI, Undated. Chacón E, Saborío G, 2012. North, Central, South Not a problem species (un-documented) ... University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52(3), 806-824. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.04.013. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. 860 pp. Clement, E. J., Foster, M. C., 1994. Online database. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria., Flora of Nicaragua, 2018. Online Database. Wild jewelweeds are also susceptible. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Hydrocera triflora. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Before the ubiquitous impatiens of today, there were balsam flowers. Troublesome invasive weed. The introduced flora to Machu Picchu Sanctuary: an inventory and management priorities for biodiversity conservation. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Bolivia Catalogue, 2018. Species within the genus Impatiens are distributed primarily across Africa (especially Madagascar) and tropical and subtropical montane forests of South East Asia (Janssens et al., 2009; Stevens, 2012). Darbyshire S J, 2003. Pests and Diseases: Impatiens balsamina are susceptible to Spider mites, flower thrips, root-knot nematode, whiteflies, and aphids, especially under glass. reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. Impatiens balsamina is an annual herb thought to be native to India and Myanmar. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos., Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Online database. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Impatiens balsamina Name Synonyms Balsamina angustifolia Bl. 38 (2), 141-160. I. balsamina grows at elevations from close to sea level up to 3500 m. This species is commonly cultivated as an ornamental in gardens across tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Where it has escaped cultivation, it can be found naturalized along roads, in rubbish dumps, fields, forest edges, grasslands, streambeds and other disturbed open places. Germination takes about 8 to 14 days. Online Database. Alien plants of the British Isles, London, UK: Botanical Society of the British Isles.603 pp. (Flora introducida en el Santuario Histórico de Machu Picchu: inventario y prioridades de manejo para la conservación de la biodiversidad.). Garden balsam, rose balsam, spotted snapweed, touch-me-not Synonyms. Be careful, Himalayan balsam is known to be invasive and must be contained as it threatens other plants that grow around it. Victorians loved these Asian imports during the early 20th century, but the flowers’ popularity waned as the interest in hybrid annuals grew after World War II. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Hosts: All varieties of garden impatiens, Impatiens walleriana and balsam impatiens, Impatiens balsamina. Inflorescences of solitary flowers or groups of 2-3 flowers; peduncles absent; bracts 2 x 1 mm, axillary at the base of the pedicel; pedicels 7-16 mm. Flora of China. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Before the recent advances in molecular phylogenetics, Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) was treated as a distinctly separate order, Balsaminales (Dahlgren, 1989), and more traditionally as a member of the order Geraniales under Rosidae (Cronquist, 1988; Thorne, 2000). It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant, and has become naturalised and invasive on several Pacific Ocean islands. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. The colorful flowers are carried in an unusual position near the top of the 16" stem but underneath the top bunch of leaves. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Balsamina balsamina (L.) Huth. Tall Impatiens. Fact Sheet FPS-279., USDA-NRCS, 2018. Factsheet 05/04 Impatiens Protected Crops. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species., Flora Mesoamericana. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Oviedo Prieto R, González-Oliva L, 2015. Impatiens giorgii De Wild.. Today’s gardeners are bringing this heirloom back to the seed rack as they discover how easy and adaptable it is. Leiden, Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. I. balsamina has escaped from cultivation and is now naturalized in disturbed sites, secondary forests, forest edges and riparian sites. The introduced flora to Machu Picchu Sanctuary: an inventory and management priorities for biodiversity conservation. Ecología en Bolivia. It has been widely introduced outside of its native range as an ornamental to Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania and some parts of tropical Africa. (Flora Mesoamericana.). Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) can grow to about 30 inches tall and taller varieties of busy Lizzy reach 24 inches. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Seeds can be secondarily dispersed by wind and water and as a contaminant on topsoil (van Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001; Stevens, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2018; PIER, 2018)., Flora of Pakistan, 2018. Biological Invasions. I. balsamina is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its attractive flowers. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 68(3), 227-236. doi: 10.5586/asbp.1999.031. Caterpillars outdoors. Balsamina racemosa Buch.-Ham. These species can be distinguished by the following vegetative and floral traits (Christenhusz, 2009): Impatiens balsamina: flowers usually solitary in leaf axils; lateral petals completely united, only shallowly incised, unevenly bilobed; fruits are hairy. American Journal of Plant Sciences. This easy-to-grow daisy looks a lot like the Ox Eye Daisy, but it is not as invasive. touch me not plant for sale near me. Tropicos website. In: Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. 782 pp. Appearance Impatiens glandulifera is a succulent annual that can be 3-10 ft. (0.9-3 m) tall.The stems are purple-tinged, hollow, and hexagonally angled. Balsamina cornuta (L.) DC. No pruning is necessary. Rome, Italy: Casa Editrice Università La Sapienza.208 pp. Bissea, 9(Special Issue 2), 97 pp. In Puerto Rico, this species was first collected in 1899 (Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015). Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Flora Mesoamericana. Species in the genus Impatiens are susceptible to powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera fuliginea. Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.859 pp. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils. In: Invasive Species Compendium, Wallingford, UK: CABI., Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2018. In: Life Science Journal, 5 (2) 84-89. Impatiens balsamina -- Balsam Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Balsam grows best in full sun to shade on well-drained but > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. The flowers and leaves are often used across Asia for the traditional dyeing of a woman hair, nails, hands and feet (IPK Gatersleben, 2018). Galera, H., Ratynska, H., 1999. The cytological variation within the genus Impatiens is considerable with many species showing bimodal karyotypes (Song et al., 2003). It can grow on a wide range of soil types including clay, sandy and loamy soils with pH in the range 5.6-7.5. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. It is recorded as invasive in the Philippines, parts of India, Costa Rica, Cuba, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Galapagos, Peru, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands and Tonga (Ochoa and Andrade, 2003; Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008; Chacón and Saborío, 2012; Chandra Sekar, 2012; Oviedo Prieto and González-Oliva, 2015; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; PIER, 2018). Flora of Nicaragua, Tropicos website. Impatiens balsamina L. Jump to: Distribution Maps | Sources., USDA-ARS, 2018. However, stem fragments may readily take root. The PLANTS Database. 17 (1), 149-163. DOI:10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Sekar K C, 2012. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops. Wallingford, UK: CABI. 603 pp. Noteworthy Characteristics. > 0°C, dry winters), Widely commercialized as an ornamental and potted plant, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Ochoa J G, Andrade G I, 2003. Annual Flower Also known as Touch-Me-Not, Garden Balsam, Rose Balsam Impatiens balsamina Balsaminaceae Family Very shade-tolerant, balsam brings the tropics to the annual garden with brightly colored flowers borne closely along the upright, bright green stem of the plant. DOI:10.5586/asbp.1999.031, GRIIS, 2018. It spreads by seed and also vegetatively by stem fragments and can form dense stands in forest understory inhibiting germination and the establishment of seedlings, displacing native plant species. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae. ex D.Don.