Another important nuance is that the official estimate, given by the Ministry of Defence in 2015, separates the number of losses (26,6 million people) into the two following categories: - Around 12 milli… As many as 27 million people died. Zemskov supposes that Stalin was eager to hide the real scale of losses from both the Soviet citizens and the world – in order not to show the USSR as a state weakened by the war. After 1942, the number reached 10 million. While dealing with those numbers, they didn’t take the whole World War II into account, but rather only the war between the USSR and Nazi Germany between 1941-1945, excluding the Soviet operations between 1939-1941 (the invasion of Poland and the Winter War with Finland) and the Soviet-Japanese war of 1945. According to one source, in May 1945, as a “gesture of friendship,” the US chose to dispense several hundred thousand German prisoners to the Soviet … As of June 2018 total of US World War II casualties listed as MIA is 72,823 e. ^ Korean War : Note: [20] gives Dead as 33,746 and Wounded as 103, 284 and MIA as 8,177. Soviet forensic archaeologists studying dead bodies found in a concentration camp, 1943. Similarly, the ABMC Records do not cover inter-War deaths such as the Port Chicago disaster in which 320 died. They performed well in southern Russia in the summer of 1941, though they were … Lv 5. 1 0. Several reasons have been advanced by those seeking to explain this gruesome statistic. Speculative History: Nov 18, 2013 The raw statistics of the war are nothing short of stunning. In addition to Nazi concentration camps, the Soviet gulags (labor camps) led to the deaths of 3.6 million civilians. At the time, the commander of the US 12th Army Group, General Omar Bradley, praised the Soviet troops for their resolve in forcing the Germans out of Russia. The Soviet forces led by Semyon Timoshenko had three times as many soldiers as the Finns, thirty times as many aircraft, and a hundred times as many tanks. However, no positive or specific customary international humanitarian law with respect to aerial warfare existed before or during World War II. Around two thirds (more exactly, 68%) of the original 1923 male birth cohort did not survive World War II. 0 0. A German infantryman walks toward the body of a killed Soviet soldier and a burning BT-7 light tank in the southern Soviet Union in in 1941, during the early days of Operation Barbarossa. If Germany wasn't condemned to a two front war in WW2, could they have successfully defeated the Red army? British 700,000 military casualitits and 60,000 civilian deaths; Estimated USSR losses now stand at 26.6 million. In the end, the high Soviet casualty rate was largely a result of Stalin's hurry to reach Berlin. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East found the death rate of Western prisoners was 27.1 percent (for American POWs, 37 percent), seven times that of POWs under the Germans and Italians. The POWs were employed as forced labor in the Soviet wartime economy and post-war reconstruction. After the dissolution of the USSR, the estimate grew again. Two out of three soldiers died in battle, the rest died due to infections or disease. Hitler's Genocide. By 1950 almost all surviving POWs had been released, with the last prisoner returning from the USSR in 1956. Two Russian soldiers, now prisoners of war, inspect a giant statue of Lenin, somewhere in Russia, torn from its pedestal and smashed by the Germans in their advance, on August 9, 1941. A Soviet officer raising his unit for an attack. There are many ways to visualize the fraction of the war fought by Western powers: More Uzbeks than Americans died. How many Russian soldiers died in WW2? “In fact, Stalin had knowledge of the other statistical data: 15 million casualties. German soldier is a good soldier, and cruel. It has been found that out of all the Russian soldiers, 1,700,000 men died due to the cruelty and powerful consequences of the war. The 26,6 million estimate of losses clearly is official (as of now), but far from being the only one. 6 million people went missing during the war and were presumed dead. just now that alot of soldiers died in that war beacuse the german was tapping russia *** in WW2. There were many reasons. And it was fake news. Hungarians were forced to work for the Soviet Union until 1955. It has been found that out of all the Russian soldiers, 1,700,000 men died due to the cruelty and powerful consequences of the war. Anonymous. In its scale of destruction, the war on the Eastern Front was unique; from Leningrad to the Crimea, from Kiev to Stalingrad, the Soviet Union was devastated - at least 25 million Soviet citizens died. In accordance with the Allied agreement made at the Yalta Conference, millions of POWs and civilians were used as forced labor by the Soviet Union. Japanese POW camps, many of which were used as labor camps, also had high death rates. I’m glad you shared them with the world. On D-Day alone, the BBC state that 4,400 troops died from the combined allied forces whilst another 9,000 were wounded or missing.. Nevertheless, official statistics embrace a larger number of people. In Asia and the Pacific, between 3 million and more than 10 million civilians, mostly Chinese (estimated at 7.5 million), were killed by the Japanese occupation forces. About 270,000 of these Javanese laborers were sent to other Japanese-held areas in South East Asia, and only 52,000 were repatriated to Java. While 37,583 prisoners from the UK, 28,500 from the Netherlands, and 14,473 from the United States were released after the surrender of Japan, the number of Chinese released was only 56. November 19] 1896 – June 18, 1974) Was a Soviet military commander who, in the course of World War II, led the Red Army to liberate the Soviet Union from the Axis Powers' occupation, to advance through much of Eastern Europe, and to conquer Germany's capital, Berlin.Zhukov remained a popular figure in the Soviet Union until his death … I grew up in Vitebsk - it’s a city in northern Belorussia. Some sources say that the Soviet Union had over 20,000,000 casualties, both military personnel and civilians, but these figures are under dispute. Soviet ex-POWs and repatriated civilians were treated with great suspicion as potential Nazi collaborators, and some were sent to the Gulag upon being checked by the NKVD. Deaths directly caused by the war (including military and civilians fatalities) are estimated at 50–56 million, with an additional estimated 19–28 million deaths from war-related disease and famine. Over 30,000 Soviet soldiers died compared to the 10,000 soldiers lost by the Germans. Battle of Stalingrad, (July 17, 1942–February 2, 1943), successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd), Russia, U.S.S.R., during World War II. Answer Save. Essentially, this is the number that became the official evaluation for the rest of the Soviet era – Leonid Brezhnev adhered to it too, but added “more than” to the 20 million casualties. February 3, 2009 at 3:17 am . 5 most deadly industrial and transportation disasters in the USSR. According to the National World War II Museum, for every 1,000 Americans who served in the war, 8.6 were killed in action, three died from other causes, and 17.7 received non-fatal combat wounds. Before the war there lived 200 000 of people. 178 thoughts on “Soviet Soldiers at World War 2 in Color” ... Wonder how many of those German soldiers died at the hands of the brutal communist POW regime?..Huge mistake letting Stalin have so much power. The Soviet Union paid the harshest price: though the numbers are not exact, an estimated 26 million Soviet citizens died during World War II, including as many as 11 million soldiers. World War II Casualties:  Estimates suggest that some 75 million people died in World War II, including about 20 million military personnel and 40 million civilians. I can't find any source for the figure beyond fact-list websites. Nevertheless, the official 7-million estimate of casualties didn’t last long, as most Soviet people believed that number to be too low. On the Soviet side, some seven million soldiers died in action, with another 3.6 million dying in German POW camps. An estimated 11 to 17 million civilians died either as a direct or as an indirect result of Nazi ideological policies, including the systematic genocide of around 6 million Jews during the Holocaust and an additional 5 to 6 million ethnic Poles and other Slavs (including Ukrainians and Belarusians), Roma, homosexuals, and other ethnic and minority groups. World War II - World War II - Invasion of the Soviet Union, 1941: For the campaign against the Soviet Union, the Germans allotted almost 150 divisions containing a total of about 3,000,000 men. 3 years ago. Data show that the now-defunct Soviet Union had the highest number of WWII casualties. 3 years ago. But someone above is correct. At first, Russia was a walk in the sun for the Italian soldiers. In addition, 14,000 German and Italian citizens who had been assessed as being security risks were also interned. Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (December 1 [O.S. It is estimated that around 15,000,000 soldiers died in battle during World War 2. Most suggest that some 75 million people died in the war, including about 20 million military personnel and 40 million civilians. Statistics show that out of 5.7 million Soviet soldiers captured between 1941 and 1945, more than 3.5 million died in captivity. These are estimates, and they are most likely low estimates. During Soviet rule, all information regarding casualties was … General Yasuji Okamura implemented the policy in Heipei and Shantung. A further 500,000 died of disease or non-combat injuries, or were executed. The Soviet Union paid the harshest price: though the numbers are not exact, an estimated 26 million Soviet citizens died during World War II, including as many as 11 million soldiers. We've got more than 1,8 million followers on Facebook. - The rest (approximately 14,6 million people) were civilians who died in the occupation zones, were forcefully moved to Germany (and did not come back) or lost their lives to starvation, illnesses and so on. Many civilians died because of deliberate genocide, massacres, mass-bombings, disease, and starvation. Very good photos! Chris Bandoo. Reply. One of the most telling examples of its participation in war crimes was its treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. On the one hand, from time to time occurring versions suggest even bigger losses than the official estimate. How many soldiers died on D-Day? Ilse Hirsch the female soldier. Hundreds of thousands of ethnic Serbs, along with gypsies and Jews, were murdered by the Axis-aligned Croatian Ustaše in Yugoslavia, and retribution-related killings were committed just after the war ended. According to Zemskov, it is too hard to distinguish between deaths caused by war and natural reasons in this case – so to be more precise, historians should have only included in the number of civilian deaths caused by war, i.e. The best-known Japanese atrocity was the Nanking Massacre, in which 50 to 300 thousand Chinese civilians were raped and murdered. But the war is not the most important reason for the poor survival rate; almost half of them died before the war broke out. Answer - Russian Death WW2How many Soviet Soldiers Died in World War Two is at best an estimate. The US Library of Congress estimates that in Java, between 4 and 10 million rōmusha (Japanese: “manual laborers”), were forced to work by the Japanese military. World War I - World War I - Killed, wounded, and missing: The casualties suffered by the participants in World War I dwarfed those of previous wars: some 8,500,000 soldiers died as a result of wounds and/or disease. How many US soldiers died in the deadly Vietnam War ? While the argument on the evaluation methods can go on forever, one thing is undeniable: during the Great Patriotic War, the USSR lost a great number of people – strong and passionate men and women in their prime – but it saved the world from German Nazism. Germany sustained 5.3 million military losses, mostly on the Eastern Front and during the final battles in Germany. Part of the Karelia and Salla regions of Finland were annexed by the Soviet Union after the Winter War.This was followed by Soviet annexations of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and parts of Romania (Bessarabia, northern Bukovina and the Hertza region). Both the Germans and Japanese tested such weapons against civilians and sometimes on prisoners of war. ... More than 1 million Axis soldiers fought in Stalingrad, and more than 5,000 aircraft and 8,000 Russian and German tanks waged war in the Battle of Kursk. Axis forces employed biological and chemical weapons. Speculative History: Oct 6, 2020: How many small arms and catridges did Soviet factories produce on average in WW2? According to Soviet records 381,067 German Wehrmacht POWs died in NKVD camps (356,700 German nationals and 24,367 from other nations). During world war 1, many of the Russian soldiers lost their lives. 1 1. Estimates for the total number of casualties in the war vary because many deaths went unrecorded. The price of victory was terrible, but the price of defeat would have been unthinkable. It is clear that during the most horrendous war in the history of mankind, the USSR suffered greater losses than any other country – but the exact number of victims remains disputed. those killed directly by Germans, by bombardments, those who died during the Siege of Leningrad – that amounts to 4,5 million victims. Stalin had the resources and armaments to take on ... it was not WW2 to the Russians it was the Great Patriotic war the Motherland was not Going to fall to the Nazis at any cost. Existing sources suggest that some 5.7 million Soviet army personnel fell into German hands during World War II. According to Soviet records 381,067 German Wehrmacht POWs died in NKVD camps (356,700 German nationals and 24,367 from other nations). Over 30,000 Soviet soldiers died compared to the 10,000 soldiers lost by the Germans. The Imperial Japanese Army used a variety of such weapons during its invasion and occupation of China and in early conflicts against the Soviets. Both Khrushchev and Brezhnev used the phrase “the war cost the country…” to lump everyone together, not separating those who died in the battlefield, victims of German occupation, those who starved to death, etc. Top With about 5.5 million out of 16 million soldiers killed and wounded, the Russian Empire appears to have suffered less than France and Germany. As of November 2, 2011 Total of US World War II casualties {Military and Civilian} not recovered is 73,692; total of US World War II Casualties buried at sea are 6,061. German military dead and missing at 5.3 million. The Liberation of Bergen-Belsen Concentration: SS female camp guards remove prisoners’ bodies from lorries and carry them to a mass grave, inside the German Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, 1945, “830px-World_War_II_Casualties2.svg.png.”, “The_Liberation_of_Bergen-belsen_Concentration_Camp,_April_1945_BU4031.jpg.”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_casualties, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II#/media/File:World_War_II_Casualties2.svg, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II#Axis_collapse.2C_Allied_victory_.281944.E2.80.9345.29, https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-worldhistory/. The POWs were employed as forced labor in the Soviet wartime economy and post-war reconstruction. The number of Russians who died in World War II is undetermined, but estimates range from 20 million to 26 million. The records of dead SS would not have been a priority for the Russians. 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