The serrated leaves grow along the stem joints either in pairs or whorls of three. As the plant dies back in the autumn, masses of leaves and stems begin to drop; if this is next to a waterway, flooding problems can then ensue. PBA Solutions can help you with our free ‘Spot My Weed!’ invasive weed identification service. Himalayan balsam takes the title of Britain’s tallest annual plant, growing to 2.5 metres tall or more. Synonyms and Other Names: Impatiens roylei Walp., Himalayan balsam, Indian balsam, purple jewelweed, Policeman’s helmet, custodian helmet, touch-me-not, Washington orchid Identification: Impatiens glandulifera is an herbaceous annual that is succulent and glabrous (smooth and hairless) and typically grows to 6.5 ft, but can reach 10 ft (Campbell et al. By clicking the link, you can send us some photographs (close-ups are preferable) of the plant(s) you have found and email them with any additional details and your name and telephone number. Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Giant Hogweed is a species native to the Caucasus mountains in South West Russia and Georgia. It has long, pointed leaves which have serrated edges and grow in pairs or whorls of three along the stems. It was introduced to the UK in 1839 for ornamental purposes but escaped from gardens and became naturalised in Britain in the 1850s. If the It has highly visible pink flowers on fleshy hollow stems that are green in the spring but become red as the year progresses. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious teeth around their edges (see above and pictures no. Himalayan balsam is a summer annual of ri- parian areas which reproduces by seed only. Large pale pink-purple trumpet flowers in June – October. In the winter after die-back, Himalayan balsam stands leave bare earth where the plants had been growing, leading to potential problems with erosion, especially problematic along rivers. Himalayan Balsam is the tallest annual plant in the UK growing up to 3 metres in height a year. The green leaves are long and pointed and typically around 5 to 8 cm in length. 3). We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Himalayan balsam is a prolific nectar producer – our bees and other insects will often neglect native plants when Himalayan balsam is available, leading to a reduction in pollination for those plants affected. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways. Leaf: Finely Identification and Reproduction Identification: Himalayan balsam plants are large annual plants that can reach up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems. Himalayan balsam is a tall growing annual, 2-3m (6-10ft) in height. The elliptical leaves and side branches arise in whorls of 3-5 from stem joints. Himalayan balsam (I. glandulifera) invading habitat along a creek in Hesse. A distinctive characteristic of the plant are the seed capsules which provide its alternative name "Touch-me-not" Balsam. Appearance . It is now considered a pest in many countries throughout the world. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. 2 and 5). Himalayan balsam will grow up to around 1-2m high and between roughly June and October, it will produce a cluster of purple/pink helmet-shaped flowers that has been compared to a policeman’s helmet. Watch Queue Queue Himalayan balsam is easily identifiable with its whorled leaves (usually in threes). Here are the Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. With its attractive pink flowers and intriguing exploding seed pods, it is easy to see why Himalayan balsam was considered a desirable garden plant. Himalayan balsam grows up to 3 metres high Orange Balsam - Impatiens capensis Species Additional images Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Giant Hogweed Photos are sourced from GBNNSS, Tom Richards and RPS group Plc. ISBN 978-1-4601-3747-5 (Print) ISBN 978-1-4601-3748-2 (PDF) Printed: February 2018 HIMALAYAN BALSAM QUICK FACTS: • Himalayan balsam is an annual semi-aquatic plant native to India and was likely introduced to North It spreads quickly as it has up to 800 seeds per plant, which are released explosively from seedpods and can travel for up to seven metres from the plant. Here are some distinguishing features you can look for. By the 1900s it was already common in south-west Germany and spreading via the Rhine River3, and throughout Scandinavian countries by the mid-1900s. They can extend to 20 cm long. Identification Himalayan Balsam grows between 1 and 2 metres in height with 2 or 3 serrated green leaves being arranged at node points along the green / red stems. TCM Knotweed Removal Services offer a range of treatments to control, remove and eradicate Himalayan Balsam completely from your property. Himalayan Balsam. Several photographs of Himalayan Balsam and a description of the plant. instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Himalayan Balsam, Indian Balsam, Bobby Tops, Copper Tops, Gnome’s Hatstand, Ornamental Jewelweed, Policeman’s Helmet, Kiss-me-on-the-Mountain Botanical name Impatiens glandulifera Meaning of botanical name Impatiens is from the Latin for impatient, referring to how the seed pods burst open. Stems of Himalayan Balsam are pinky red, hollow, sappy, brittle and jointed. Branches arise from the stem joints. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. The stems are purple tinged, hollow and hexagonally angled. These flowers are followed by seedpods that will open and ‘explode’ when ripe and scatters the seeds up to 7 metres (23 feet) in all directions. PBA Solutions undertake site surveys to determine whether or not Himalayan balsam is present and, if it is found, document and report on the findings. Identification Himalayan Balsam is fairly easy to identify, especially if it is still in flower. Himalayan or Indian balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an annual herb and was introduced to Britain in 1839. The stems may be green or a striking red, often a mixture of the two. Himalayan Balsam identification Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. The stems may be green or a striking red, often a mixture of the two. Watch Queue Queue. Eradicate Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) from your land. If you would like us to contact you please click the button below and fill in the form, an we'll be in contact with you shortly. It now an invasive weed of riverbanks and ditches, where it prevents native species from growing. Its common name is “Policeman’s Helmet” due to the shape of the flowers. It is locally c… Our reports can be used as part of the property management or development process as well as outlining the most appropriate methodology for a treatment programme. • It is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 – it is an offence to plant or cause this species to grow in the wild. Dive straight into the feedback!Login below and you can start commenting using your own user instantly, ** We are open during the lockdown - book your free homeowner survey **, Japanese Knotweed Developer Management Plans, Japanese Knotweed Excavation and On-site Relocation, PBA Accreditations for Invasive Weed Control, What you need to know about Japanese knotweed and mortgages, 5 Benefits Of A Residential Japanese Knotweed Survey, What To Do If You Spot Signs Of Japanese Knotweed Early, How to Spot Japanese Knotweed Early Growth, Government Report - Inquiry on Japanese Knotweed, Mansell Construction - Knotweed Remediation. The leaves are 6 – 15cm long, lance shaped, with sharply toothed edges and have a reddish mid-rib. The flowers can vary between white, pink and purple with five petals giving a hooded appearance. Impatiens /ɪmˈpeɪʃəns/[2] is a genus of more than 1,000 species of flowering plants, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere and the tropics. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) was first introduced to the UK in the 1800s as an ornamental plant and quickly escaped into the wild. However in winter, erosion can occur as a result of balsam's shallow rooting having replaced the deeper rooted native vegetation. Carry out a survey and produce a distribution map indicating the location across the site. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. It is fast-growing and spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers. Including rivers/streams is important. Impatiens glandulifera. Himalayan Balsam • It grows in dense thickets, often along waterways (see picture no. Pinkish hollow stems bear shiny green leaves … Leaves can be 150mm long and are opposite or in whorls of three. History. The capsules open explosively when touched spreading the seeds up to 7 metres enabling the … Identification: Himalayan balsam plants are large annual plants that can reach up to 3 m in height with purple to slight reddish stems. Its explosive seed pods aid its spread by sending the seeds into the river, causing further dispersal downstream. Identification features of Himalayan balsam include pink-purple flowers, matt darkish green finely serrated leaves, stout succulent hollow reddish translucent stems (up to 3m in height) and shallow roots. Leaf: Finely serrated slender to elliptical leaves, often with a reddish mid-rib. Foliage The foliage is opposite or whorled. Native to the western Himalayas, it was in- troduced to Kew Gardens in the early 1800s. Identification & Ecology Identification features of Himalayan balsam include pink-purple flowers, matt darkish green finely serrated leaves, stout succulent hollow reddish translucent stems (up to 3m in height) and shallow roots. Unfortunately, it has significant negative impacts on the natural environment. Source: Jeremy Early . Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. ", Residential property sale; Merley, Dorset. The starkly differing flower shapes found in this genus, combined with the easy cultivation of many species, have served to make some balsam species model organisms in plant evolutionary developmental biology. This video is unavailable. It has long, pointed leaves which have serrated edges and grow in pairs or whorls of three along the stems. The genus name Impatiens , means "impatient", and refers to … The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods that explode dispersing the seeds from late July to October. Together with the genus Hydrocera (1 species), Impatiens make up the family Balsaminaceae. Impatiens glandulifera, mostly commonly known as Himalayan Balsam, is one of the most aggressively spreading invasive plants in the UK. Leaves grow in whorls and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges. They have a distinct red mid-vein. 3). Plants have a thick, much branched, purple to reddish tinged stems. This highly invasive weed can grows up to 3 metres in 3 months. The fruit capsules have an explosive opening action, firing seeds in all directions away from the plant. However, most people would not be able to identify it despite its unique characteristics and smell. The stems are pinkish-red, hollow and jointed, often with some branching. Company registration number: SC1681538 Muriel Street, Barrhead, Glasgow G78 1QB. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. Himalayan Balsam identification Himalayan Balsam is a distinctive plant with reddish jointed stems and long, green, oval-shaped leaves. Identification of Himalayan balsam Grows up to 3 metres tall. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. • Himalayan balsam is an annual plant with bright purple-pink flowers. Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive. A path with himalayan balsam growing either side. Leaves are lanceolate with serrated edges, stalked, shiny, dark green with a reddish midrib. Hopefully we will have some images here shortly to help with identification, however in the mean time if you have any photos of himalayan balsam, please send them to us . Himalayan balsam saplings begin to appear in March and as adult plants can reach a height of 3m. Between June and October, Himalayan Balsam produces clusters of flowers which are typically pink or purple and trumpet shape, with an apple-like fragrance. Seeds can be transported by water which helps this Find out what is involved with a Wise survey and the available Himalayan balsam control. Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. Consider surrounding properties and potential for reintroduction. It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. Participated in a number of stream watch surveys (recorded chemical and physical parameters of streams in the Ottawa area) Invasive species removal (i.e. Identification of Himalayan Balsam is very important, as it is advised that if you note the presence of it in your garden, you should take steps to remove it from the site. Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org It escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses. Like all plants, the time of … For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. Characteristics of Himalayan Balsam Himalayan Balsam is a large plant, normally reaching 1 to 2 metres in height, although in some cases it can grow as tall as 2.5 metres. The flowers can vary between white, pink and purple with five petals giving a hooded appearance. It was introduced to Britain from India in 1839, and promoted as an alternative to the orchids grown by those wealthy … Confirm Himalayan balsam identification. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall. The plants have pinky-red hollow jointed stems and shiny green lance shaped leaves. The Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an upright, annual plant. Between June and October, Himalayan Balsam produces clusters of flowers which are typically pink or purple and trumpet shape, with an apple-like fragrance. Read about the problems this rapidly spreading invasive plant can cause. Japanese Knotweed, Himalayan Balsam and European Water Chestnut) Thank you. "Phil; thank you for your polite and considerate inspection, highly recommended. Identification Appearance Impatiens glandulifera is a succulent annual than can be 3-10 feet tall. Himalayan balsam takes the title of Britain’s tallest annual plant, growing to 2.5 metres tall or more. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. • It grows in dense thickets, often along waterways (see picture no. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens Glandulifera) Species Identification Height: A tall, annual herb growing up to 2.5m Stem : Hollow brittle stems which are light green/ red early in the year, turning pink/red in summer. If you think you have spotted Himalayan Balsam on your land, and want to know what to do next, call the experts at Wise Knotweed Solutions on 0808 231 9218 or find your local branch. Himalayan Balsam Identification How to Identify Himalayan Balsam. The leaves are 3. identification, in particular Himalayan balsam, and best site practices for avoidance of spreading the species at the Penketh Court site. Normal Himalayan balsam management techniques were encouraged outside of the 10 m 2 experimental zone. grow in whorls and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Alternatively, you can contact the team using our contact form. This plant is highly invasive, particularly in riparian areas and wetlands. Invasive Species - (Impatiens glandulifera) Watch List Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. Himalayan balsam shoots start to appear in March. Flowering between June and October it can grow to 3m in height. It flowers from late May to October. Talk to adjacent land owners and make them aware of the issues and what you plan to do, if possible work in partnership. Leaves grow in whorls and are oblong to lance-like with serrated edges. Himalayan balsam can be found across much of England and Wales. How to identify young Himalayn Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera, an invasive species highly invasive in the UK. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators,… Himalayan balsam has a shallow, fibrous root system but adventitious roots from the lower stems provide some buttressing. Himalayan Balsam is seen Spring to Autumn and is best treated in early Summer. Plants can grow up to 3m tall, making this the tallest annual species growing wild in the UK. Like all plants, the time of year, the local climate and its lifecycle are factors which influence its appearance. Himalayan balsam grows in stands (meaning groups of individual plants) which can be very large in the area they take up. The flowers range from purplish-pink to We will look at the photographs and do our best to help identify the weed for you. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. ISCBC provides information on the biogeography and identification of the invasive plants and animal species of British Columbia. Himalayan balsam can completely cover an area and crowd out native vegetation. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. The plant has had plenty of time to establish in the UK and, over the last 50 years, has spread rapidly. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant … The Himalayan balsam is an annual plant native to the Himalayan region of Asia. It grows Hanging explosive seed pods that can throw seeds over 7 metres away from the plant. Identification: Grows between 3 and 6 feet tall; Purple/red stems are smooth and hollow; 5-10 flowers on each stems; 5 petals per flower-purple, pink, or white in color; Fruit capsules explode when ripe and touched; Habitat: Himalayan balsam is an herbaceous, terrestrial, annual plant that thrives in riparian zones. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an introduced summer annual that has naturalised in the UK, mainly along riverbanks and ditches. Himalayan balsam tolerates low light levels and also shades out other vegetation, so gradually impoverishing habitats by killing off other plants. Impatiens glandulifera. It is sometimes seen in gardens, either uninvited or grown deliberately, but care must be taken to ensure that it does not escape into the wild. Home / Invasive Weed Management / Himalayan Balsam Control / Himalayan Balsam Identification. Plants have a poor root structure so it is relatively easy to remove. Himalayan balam are also known as "Policeman's helmet" which is named after their helmet shaped flowers. Identification Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall.It flowers from late May to October. It was introduced to North America in the early 1800s as an ornamental plant and as a hitchhiker in the ballast water of ships. As its name suggests, Himalayan balsam is from the Himalayas and was introduced here in 1839. The stem of a Himalayan Balsam plant will be hollow, red-jointed, and hairless. Leaves are stalked, oblong to egg-shaped and have a serrated edge. Identification. Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Field inoculation methodology Urediniospores were applied on three separate occasions during the Himalayan balsam growing season: June (when night temperatures are reliably above 10°C), July and August (when night temperatures start to decrease). Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description. 2. It prefers moist soils but will grow pretty much anywhere. Hexagonal fleshy Identification. Plants flower from July until frost. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. Himalayan Balsam has serrated green leaves which span approximately 5-8cm and the flower itself is pink/purple in colour throughout the summer months. Individual plants grow from seedlings each year, rapidly gaining height and blocking out the light and available space for other, usually native, plants to grow. In autumn the plants die back, leaving the banks bare of vegetation, and therefore liable to erosion. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods that explode dispersing the seeds from late July to … Source: Abigail Pedlow/BRERC Report provided within 48 … Seeds can be transported by water which helps this weed to spread quickly along waterways. Himalayan balsam. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) Educational Module and Assessment. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Thank you...one of our team members will be in touch. We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK. Height: 2.5 to 5 m Flowers: Large, white umbrella-shaped flower clusters 30 to 90 cm across, made up of 50 to 150 small flower clusters Leaves: Prominently spiked edges Up to 1.5m long Leaflets grow right out of each side of main Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. The stem is green in the autumn months but tends to change into red colour towards the end of the year. Colonising rail and river banks, wastelands and woodlands, Himalayan balsam was introduced to the British Isles in 1839 by Victorian plant hunters who were keen on its beautiful pink flowers and exploding seed pods.