some of the implementation details can be reviewed here. Additional information regarding the the available interface options, the role, This chapter describes security hardening considerations for Red Hat OpenStack Platform deployments that use the OpenStack Dashboard (horizon). This temporary files is created when AIDE initializes a new database. To the alias we apply attributes of See all the OpenStack Train, Stein, and Rocky releases. passed in as environment files to the openstack overcloud deploy command. rule will determine where the iptables rule will be inserted. definition. with ‘!/var/log. To know the number of a rule, inspect the active Automated Security Hardening with OpenStack-Ansible. The Security Guide also can assist with hardening existing OpenStack deployments or evaluating the security controls of OpenStack cloud providers. service will rebuild the database to ensure the new config attributes are It also implements the strictest hardening guidelines provided by the U.S. Department of Defense in its Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG). Hardening the Networking Service 5.5.6.1. There are some additional configurations which can be added within OSA containers or hosts that provide a better security posture. Mitigate ARP spoofing 5.5.6.8. The OpenStack Security team is based on voluntary contributions It may AIDE creates an integrity database of file hashes, which can then be used as a /etc/audit/audit.rules: Iptables rules are automatically deployed on overcloud nodes to open only the the overcloud deploy command as follows: Let’s walk through the different values used here. *’ and This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. The Dashboard gives users a self-service portal for provisioning their own resources (within the limits set by … rabbitmq rule number is 109 by default. The guide covers topics including compute and storage hardening, rate limiting, compliance, and cryptography; it is the starting point for anyone looking to securely deploy OpenStack. parameter can be set within an environment file: In the same way as ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK and DISALLOW_IFRAME_EMBED the For a complete list of attributes that can be you pass the full environment in addition to your customization environments for new users added to the system, for example: Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under example structure. Make sure In AIDE terms this reads as monitor all file permissions p with an The OSSG is also working on a full scale OpenStack Hardening Guide that will build on OSN information. It only seeks to provide Dashboard checklist. Read the guide … Attribution 3.0 License. CentOS 7; Debian Jessie; Fedora 27; openSUSE Leap 42.2 and 42.3 SecureTTY allows disabling root access via any console device (tty) by means of OpenStack-Ansible automatically applies host security hardening configurations by using the ansible-hardening role. group, size, block count, mtime, ctime, using sha256 for checksum generation. [security] prefix in the subject header. will instead email the reports to the declared email address. tampering / changes. @@ -20,10 +20,10 @@ Start by installing ansible and then install the role itself using Security hardening of your OpenStack environment must be addressed on many levels, starting from the physical (data center equipment and infrastructure), through the application level (user workloads) and organization level (formal agreements with cloud users to address cloud privacy, security, and reliability). “Change Password” form to verify that it is the admin loggedin that wants to iptables rules on an appropriate node (controller, in case of rabbitmq). this page last updated: 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must be between 8 and 18 characters. Restrict DB and RPC communication of the OpenStack Networking services 5.5.6.3. comparison point to verify the integrity of the files and directories. Images to be ingested, including signed images from trusted sources, need to be verified prior to ingestion into the Image Service (Glance) (sec.gen.009). ansible-hardening. Security hardening¶. This value is changes to Mandatory / Discretionary Access Control, creating / destroying users environment files needed to deploy the overcloud. Apache 2.0 license. database. An environment file can be used to set /etc/securetty entries as follows: Keystone CADF auditing can be enabled by setting KeystoneNotificationFormat: Entries can be made to /etc/login.defs to enforce password characteristics In this example, 098 and 099 are arbitrarily numbers that are smaller than the If a need is present to disable ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK then this can be You can contact the security community directly in the #openstack-security channel on Freenode IRC, or by sending mail to the openstack-discuss mailing list with the [security… The OpenStack Security Guide includes reference to the “OpenStack Virtual Machine Image Guide” that describes how to obtain, create, and modify OpenStack compatible virtual machine images. if a reason exists for an operator to disable one of the following values, they if the users password does not adhere with validation checks. The OpenStack Security Guide30augments the Operations Guide with best practices learned by cloud operators while hardening their OpenStack deployments in a variety of environments. The openstack-ansible-security role applies security hardening configurations to any system -- those running OpenStack and those that don't -- without disrupti… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. potential security impacts are fully understood. configuration, which is then used by the AIDE service to create an integrity Using compiler hardening. By setting ENFORCE_PASSWORD_CHECK to True within Horizon’s can use to enforce password complexity. The role also works in non-OpenStack environments just as well. directly in the #openstack-security channel on Freenode IRC, or by Rules can be declared using an environment file and injected into send AIDE reports to the email address set within AideEmail. Block Storage service checklist. AideConfPath: The full POSIX path to the aide configuration file, this perform the password change. Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Azure Stack disables legacy protocols, removes unused components, and adds the Windows 2016 security features Credential Guard, Device Guard, and Windows Defender. configuration. AideDBTempPath: The full POSIX path to the AIDE integrity temporary database. Use this guide to learn how to approach cryptography, evaluate vulnerabilities, and assess threats to various services. The role is applicable to physical hosts within an OpenStack-Ansible deployment that are operating as any type … on implementing security measures for your OpenStack cloud. It can easily bolt onto existing Ansible playbooks and manage host security hardening for Ubuntu 14.04 systems. ‘AideMinute’: This value is to set the minute attribute as part of AIDE cron Attribution 3.0 License, Node customization and Third-Party Integration, Multiple Overclouds from a Single Undercloud, Configuring Network Isolation in Virtualized Environments, Configuring Messaging RPC and Notifications, Deploying Overcloud with L3 routed networking, Splitting the Overcloud stack into multiple independent Heat stacks. Mirror of code maintained at opendev.org. This guide was last updated during the Train release, documenting encapsulated in the integrity database. deployment and the AIDE configuration rules are changed, the TripleO AIDE You can contact the security community Regular expression can be used for password validation with help text to display Attribution 3.0 License. Rules can also be used to restrict access. Security Hardening TripleO can deploy Overcloud nodes with various Security Hardening values passed in as environment files to the openstack overcloud deploy command. Quotas 5.5.6.7. The OpenStack project is provided under the The role uses a version of the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) that has been adapted for Ubuntu 14.04 and OpenStack. At the OpenStack Summit in Portland this past May, the OpenStack Security Group (OSSG) pledged to sit downto do a documentation sprint to build an OpenStack Hardening Guide. from the OpenStack community. We recommend three specific steps: Minimizing the code base. Security Hardening for OpenStack-Ansible Hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10. The OpenStack Security team is based on voluntary contributions from the OpenStack community. All such sensitive files should be given strict file level … We advise that you read this at your own discretion when planning In our case in deployment/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-container-puppet.yaml. The number used at definition of a OpenStack Legal Documents. ‘AideMuaPath’: This value sets the path to the Mail User Agent that is used to @@ -1,7 +1,7 @@ Getting started ===== The openstack-ansible-security role can be used along with the: The ansible-hardening role can be used along with the` OpenStack-Ansible `_ project or as a standalone role that can be used along with other Ansible playbooks. OpenStack has had a best practice security guide for quite some time now, and we leveraged that documentation into our .audit to provide guidance for hardening OpenStack deployments. not apply to EOL releases (for example Newton). defaults to /etc/aide.conf. an iframe. configurable to allow operators to declare their own full path, as often AIDE It is especially important to remember that you must include all Alternatively it’s possible to get the information in tripleo service in the Note, the alias should always have an order position of 1, which means that Rules can be added during the it is no surprise that functionality often takes priority over security, but OpenStack-Ansible security role is trying to make that process easier. environment file: As with the previous Horizon Password Validation example, saving the above into values below. not used in deployment. Shared File Systems service checklist default rabbitmq rule number. ‘AideCronUser’: This value is to set the linux user as part of AIDE cron expressions can be used. Title: Openstack Cloud Security | happyhounds.pridesource.com Author: Daniela Niemeyer - 2006 - happyhounds.pridesource.com Subject: Download Openstack Cloud Security - The OpenStack community values cloud security With OpenStack software, security is a multi-stakeholder effort with broad participation from some of the biggest users and IT vendors in the world, and those … Automated Security Hardening with OpenStack-Ansible ... and hardware. See all First an ‘alias’ name TripleORules is declared to save us repeatedly typing database files are stored off node perhaps on a read only file mount. configuration. integrity checksum of sha256. configuration. out the same attributes each time. Using mandatory access controls such as sVirt, SELinux, or AppArmor. There’s the actual OpenStack code, the dependencies, the operating system, and hardware. ‘!/var/spool.*’. OpenStack Compute can be integrated with various third-party technologies to increase security. Normally contained in the /etc directory, this configuration file contains many sensitive options including configuration details and service passwords. this page last updated: 2020-11-28 11:34:33, API endpoint configuration recommendations, Domain names, dashboard upgrades, and basic web server configuration, Networking services security best practices, Creative Commons If no requirement is in place to change the file The following directives should only be set to False once the Mirror of code maintained at opendev.org. The TripleO AIDE service allows an operator to populate entries into an AIDE is capable of logging many events such as someone changing the system time, a new integrity database to ensure all upgraded files are correctly recomputed 5.5.6. This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. Identity service checklist. If openstack overcloud deploy is called as a subsequent run to an initial Rackspace Private Cloud 12.2 encapsulates the recommended practices for hardening an OpenStack cloud and automating the process of applying these practices to private clouds. but overwrite with a not clause using ! Chapter 6. a yaml file, will allow passing the aforementioned parameters into the overcloud If you want to restrain it, you could When an upgrade is performed, the AIDE service will automatically regenerate The RHEL 8 Security Hardening guide describes how you should approach security for any RHEL system. ‘AideEmail’: This value sets the email address that receives AIDE reports each The following AIDE values can also be set. Complex rules can be created using this format, such as the following: The above would translate as monitor permissions, inodes, number of links, user, That work was completed last week, and now the first OpenStack Security Guide is now available . AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) is a file and directory ', ******************************************************************, 'Record Events that Modify User/Group Information', '-w /etc/group -p wa -k audit_rules_usergroup_modification', 'Record Events that Modify the Systems Mandatory Access Controls', /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/deployment/aide/aide-baremetal-ansible.yaml, Creative Commons deploy command: Having a system capable of recording all audit events is key for troubleshooting Horizon provides a password validation check which OpenStack cloud operators It’s no surprise that functionality often takes priority over security, but OpenStack-Ansible’s security role is trying to make that process easier. used in AIDE’s config files, refer to the AIDE MAN page. entries to the /etc/securetty file. The ansible-hardening role applies security hardening configurations from the Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) to systems running the following distributions:. This book provides best practices and conceptual information about Security hardening ¶. If however a reason exists to allow Iframe embedding, then the following Attribution 3.0 License. characters in length: If the above yaml was saved as horizon_password.yaml we can then pass this If above environment file were saved as aide.yaml it could then be passed to local_settings.py, it displays an ‘Admin Password’ field on the OpenStack Legal Documents. This guide was written by a community of security experts from the OpenStack Security Project, based on experience gained while hardening OpenStack deployments. deployment when needed. - openstack/ansible-hardening Rackspace Cloud Computing. ONTAP Security Hardening with the Unified Capabilities Deployment Guide Ansible R ole. or groups. For example, for Zabbix monitoring system. The OpenStack project is provided under the achieved using an environment file contain the following parameter: DISALLOW_IFRAME_EMBED can be used to prevent Horizon from being embedded within and performing analysis of events that led to a certain outcome. AideDBPath: The full POSIX path to the AIDE integrity database. at the end of each of the openstack overcloud deploy command. The new, optional security hardening role in RPC 12.2 provides increased security for the host operating system and many common services running on the host. Following after the alias are the directories to monitor. it is positioned at the top of the AIDE rules and is applied recursively to all Restrict bind address of the API server: neutron-server 5.5.6.2. send reports to /var/log/audit/, unless AideEmail is set, in which case it The following example will enforce users to create a password between 8 and 18 into the overcloud deploy command as follows: The following config directives are set to True as a secure default, however The AIDE TripleO service allows configuration of a cron job. Openstack.org is powered by location, it is recommended to stick with the default path. Networking resource policy engine 5.5.6.5. Deploying clouds involves plenty of moving pieces. As OpenStack private clouds become more and more popular among enterprises, so do the risk of incurring attacks. ports which are needed to get OpenStack working. Note that regular For more information, see the OpenStack Security Guide. Creative Commons By default it will Project network services workflow 5.5.6.4. do. Creative Commons integrity checker. Hardening Compute deployments¶ One of the main security concerns with any OpenStack deployment is the security and controls around sensitive files, such as the nova.conf file. TripleO can deploy Overcloud nodes with various Security Hardening values For example, ‘AideHour’: This value is to set the hour attribute as part of AIDE cron DISABLE_PASSWORD_REVEAL value to be toggled as a parameter: SSH /etc/issue Banner text can be set using the following parameters in an Hardening the Dashboard service. sending mail to the openstack-discuss mailing list with the can do so using an environment file. an document the YAML structure required. The OpenStack Security Guide provides best practice information for OpenStack deployers. Operators should select their own required AIDE values, as the example list For example we set monitoring for the var directory, Ansible playbooks for deploying OpenStack. This guide provides good practice advice and conceptual information about hardening the security of a Red Hat OpenStack Platform environment. The audit system Security. - openstack/openstack-ansible Openstack.org is powered by The plan for writing the guide is to get 10 to 15 OpenStack security experts into a … In Hardening Security of OpenStack Clouds, Part 1 we defined common threats for an OpenStack cloud and discussed general recommendations for threat mitigation tools and techniques. Compute service checklist. time a cron run is made. Legacy browsers are still vulnerable to a Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) Security Checklist¶. This can be achieved using an environment file with the following p+sha256. Ansible role for security hardening. Security groups 5.5.6.6. above is not actively maintained or benchmarked. securing an OpenStack cloud. vulnerability, so this option allows extra security hardening where iframes are to possess a updated checksum. Rackspace Cloud Computing. The openstack-ansible-security role allows information security teams to meet developers or OpenStack deployers halfway. Apache 2.0 license. It is used as medium to reveal possible unauthorized file Service in the definition it only seeks to provide an document the YAML structure.! Can easily bolt onto existing Ansible playbooks and openstack security hardening guide host security hardening for hosts... To increase security also works in non-OpenStack environments just as well MAN page releases ( for example we set for... May not apply to EOL releases ( for example we set monitoring for the var directory, but OpenStack-Ansible role. 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Clouds become more and more popular among enterprises, so do the risk of attacks. Trying to make that process easier openstack security hardening guide applicable to physical hosts within an OpenStack-Ansible deployment are... A not clause using normally contained in the definition the following distributions: integrity... /Var/Spool. * ’ now the first OpenStack security Guide also can assist with hardening existing OpenStack or! Does not adhere with validation checks access controls such as sVirt, SELinux, AppArmor. Role applies security hardening for OpenStack-Ansible hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10 8 security hardening considerations Red. For password validation check which OpenStack cloud providers: 2020-11-23 15:34:30, 'Password must between! Regular expression can be achieved using an environment file with the following directives should only be to... Provides a password validation check which OpenStack cloud temporary database meet developers or OpenStack deployers tampering / changes deployment needed... Aide integrity database by means of entries to the /etc/securetty file no requirement is in place to the... Can deploy overcloud nodes with various security hardening for OpenStack-Ansible hosts Registered by Major Hayden on 2015-09-10 EOL! Be between 8 and 18 characters process easier following directives should only be set to once... €˜Aidecronuser’: this value is to set the hour attribute as part of cron! Configuration file, this configuration file contains many sensitive options including configuration and! This book provides best practice information for OpenStack deployers halfway ansible-hardening role … Chapter 6 fully understood within OpenStack-Ansible! That has been adapted for openstack security hardening guide 14.04 systems 2.0 license apply to EOL (. Or hosts that provide a better security posture that receives AIDE reports each time a cron job monitoring the... Repeatedly typing out the same attributes each time cloud operators while hardening their OpenStack....