: What other types of negative influences are there? Al-Disuqi, R. “Influencing Decisions on Palestine: Muslim Image in Contemporary American Fiction,” The Muslim World League Journal, 21, June 1994, pp. The aforementioned clash between Western values and Islam culture reached an all-time high on September 11, 2001 with the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City. Ellul, J. Islam offers a totalized worldview encompassing all spheres of community intercourse: political, economic, social, etc. Broadcasting in the Arab World: A Survey of Radio and Television in the Middle East. Speak on behalf of an organization, even if you have to create that organization. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998. One of the first in a series of Muslim-friendly productions is the children’s cartoon Salam’s Journey, a forty-minute, U.S.- produced, animated movie created by Hollywood-trained artists and producers. Learn west african western influence islam with free interactive flashcards. However due to western influence, our Muslim brothers and sisters, especially the youth, are participating in such activities. One factor that contributes to this diversity is the absence of a cultural leader or spokesperson, one clearly identified as a defender of Islamic values and worldview in the mainstream media. 163–194. Sponsored by Standard Chartered Bank. Conference on Media-Religion-Culture, University of Uppsala, Sweden, 1993. Despite the discrimination issue of Asian and Middle Eastern people in Western countries, the West once inspired by the East. The clash that arises from conflicting worldviews leaves emotional and psychological scars. and Smith, J.I. Through these strategies, they maintain a lifeworld that reinvigorates the religious, cultural, and social heritage with Islam. Where they gained a foothold, Islam creates a “highly distinctive” communication system with “considerable influence on the content, production, and distribution of modern communications media” (Mowlana, 1985, p. 406). Said argued, “The Arab and Islamic world remains a second-order power in terms of the production of [global] culture, knowledge, and scholarship” (p. 323). The Islamic world consists of diverse ethnic, cultural, and geographic populations, and faces the challenge of uniting diverse national cultures. The information age has created a new communication regime enhancing a mutual process of empowerment among the ranks of Muslims through out the world. Muslim attitudes toward the invasiveness of American television and movies are especially harsh: Many (TV) programs are downright harmful and vicious in their effects. Arabs in the New World: Studies on Arab-American Communities, Detroit: Wayne State University, 1983. Islamic parents are offered a wide range of guidelines on American customs, mix-gendered activities, and media use. Muslim adherents disagree about the power of Western values to secularize Islamic culture. All those things I saw in the films and on the media took hold of me, and perhaps I thought this was my God. We should have no illusions about the matter: no part of the world will be excluded” (p. 28). Through colonization of the electronic pathways, Western values can intervene into the religious sphere, which depends on communicative action and dialogical discourse. Perhaps their adaptation was best described by a Newsweek magazine journalist in a portrayal of Islamic youth who are caught between competing values, “American Muslims, wealthy, wired, and standing on the fault line between cultures, are well positioned to bring a 13-century-old faith into the next millennium” (16 March 1998). The parents may be too busy earning a living to be fully involved in the lives of the youth, leaving the youth to turn to social media and the internet. Yet, in the midst of these uncertain encounters, Islam and Western society are finding ways to adapt, if incompletely, to each other’s worldviews and values. “Arabs in America: A Historical Overview,” S. Abraham and N. Abraham (Eds.). Vast distances, language diversity, and lack of central planning inhibited broadcasting from achieving its potential in the Middle East. Perceived from within the daily developments in Muslim everyday life, technology is critical to this empowerment process. Islamic resistance to offending media portrayals is also achieved by increasingly well-organized political groups. Palmer, A. and Gallab, A.A. “The Global Mediated Confrontation over Salman Rushdie and The Satanic Verses,” Unpublished paper. The dynamics of enclave formation leads to a discourse of constraint and empowerment as an existential strategy to combat U.S. media offenses even while it tends to reinforce the marginalization of the Arab-Islamic voice in American culture. : How do you think these influences reached the Muslims? Muslim societies are more humane than portrayed in the West, while Western societies often fail to live up to their liberal mythology. His faith, he explained, was “religion not in the sense the West understands it, not the type for only your old age. Some Islamic leaders do promote the goal of internationalization and globalization. The Global Communication in Transition: The End of Diversity? This amounts to a “destructive campaign [of] ideas diametrically opposed to Arab and Islamic concepts, encouraging loose morality and immediate satisfaction, placing love and life and its pleasures over everything else, totally oblivious of religious belief, and of punishment and reward in the hereafter” (Silvan, 1985, p. 4). Sociology Department. “Eclipse of Reason in the Muslim World,”Journal of International Affairs 47 (1), 1993, pp. 9–28. In the West, whoever wishes to embrace a religion, and make it his only way of life, is deemed a fanatic. The following is a short Interview with a Muslim Religious Education teacher (MK), on the effects of westernization on Islamic culture and way of life: : To what extent do you think westernization has affected Muslim culture and way of life? Islam - Islam - The Western philosophers: Andalusia (in Spain) and western North Africa contributed little of substance to Islamic theology and philosophy until the 12th century. New waves of Arab entertainers, newscasters, intellectuals, politicians, religious speakers and reciters of the Koran, and writers from different Arab countries have become part of the new public mapping of a new terrain of complex inter-Arab discourse. Tavakoliyazdi, M. Assimilation and Status Attainment of Middle-Eastern Immigrants in the United States, PhD Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1981. 1131 Words 5 Pages. Kamalipour, Y.R. They may even succeed in changing Muslim character” (p. 38). The Impact of Islam . CAIR has organized twenty local chapters in major American and Canadian cities to train volunteers as monitors of local media programs and to report ethnic-religious slurs. The Western media offend Muslims at two levels: first, Muslims are often demonized in media programs as fundamentalists, terrorists, or religious zealots; and, second, many Western cultural practices, including drinking alcohol, gambling, and permissive sexual activities are too offensive for Islamic moral-ethical tradition. Unpublished dissertation. Some Islamic intellectuals are ambivalent, too, about the desirability of a “public sphere” for common discourse, and the role of democracy from which Western societies derive their base for rationalized public action. In turn CAIR publishes national “action alerts” about media problems, such as topics on radio talk shows, magazine articles, and books. Department of Telecommunications, Indiana University, 1998. Islam and Christianity in Africa have many differences that are influenced by African traditions and customs, but the basis of both religions are strongly influenced by other parts of the world. These are links to articles (downloadable .pdf files) that address that topic. Earlier, migration of the Melungeons came to North America prior to the 1600s. During the high medieval period, the Islamic world was at its cultural peak, supplying information and ideas to Europe, via Al-Andalus, Sicily and the Crusader kingdoms in the Levant. “How I Came to Islam.” (http://catstevens.com/articles/convert.html), 1999. Today, through the media, social media and the internet, the Muslim youth are bombarded with so much information on western culture, which greatly influences them and they tend to forget about their own culture and way of life. Roman Catholic Church has the biggest followers on the planet with more than 1.29 The development of electronic networks and individualized media has made new cultural pathways possible for enclave Muslims. Islam, Y. Kim, Y.Y. Used by permission of the authors. 191, 5 Nov 1998). Supported by Jack Ryan. Abou, S. “The Metamorphoses of Cultural Identity,” Diogenes, 177, 1997, pp. Legal strictures against the study of philosophy were more effective there than in the East. The avowed goal was to sell at least 100,000 copies of the film. Gans, H.J. Rushdie tested Muslim resolve with his writings, bringing notice to the collision of cultures in the new mediated global arena. We are inviting moviegoers to local mosque open houses so they may learn more about the reality of the American Muslim community” (CAIR Action Alert No. 25–33. At the beginning of this period, the European presence in the Islamic world was largely based on trade. Broadcast systems in Arab countries have operated without general agreement about a philosophy arising from pan-Arabic or pan-Islamic, or even national, goals (Boyd, 1982). At the close of the twentieth century, there were approximately thirty-five million Muslims in Europe and North America, with about 1,250 mosques and Islamic centers in the United States. : Would you say this effect is positive or negative or both? Hundreds of world wide web sites have been created on Islamic topics, but such initiatives are poorly coordinated and do not contribute significantly to the advancement of institutional Islam like the older television and radio systems. Enjoy. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992. Khawaja, M. A. 1437 Words 6 Pages. Missing in the dialogue over accommodation of Islamic values in Western culture, however, are the voices of young Muslims who find new ways to invent religious traditions in a modern milieu. Within Arab nations with controlled borders, the deluge of messages and images conveyed by communication technologies from around the world is perceived as a “cultural invasion” (Ghaffari-Farhangi, 1999). Haddad, Y.Y. 32–36. Unpublished dissertation. 5–22. 8–13. There’s an Islamic Influence on Western Art. The Muslims of America. During this period, the frontier between Christendomand the Islamic world varied a lot resulting in some cases in exchanges of populations and of corresponding art practices and techniques. Television has been condemned most frequently because of its invasiveness. Schlesinger, P. “Islam, Postmodernity, and the Media: An Interview with Akbar S. Ahmed,” Media, Culture, and Society, 15, 1, 1993, pp. Muslim youth are being greatly influenced by western ideas and this is very apparent in the way they dress, the foods they eat, the way they socialize, and the entertainment that they prefer and participate in. Simultaneously, the West has been reluctant to embrace Muslims at or near the “cultural center.” Those who distrust Islam’s collective motives point to the uneven treatment of outsiders (dhimmi) in mixed populations where Islam has been dominant (Ye’or, 1985). To the degree Islamic leaders are committed to globalization, it is clear that they are fearful and apprehensive about the Western colonization of their life world, in Habermas’ terms. Taken as a whole, these social and technological developments that now accompany globalization are significantly changing the long-standing antipathy between Islam and Western nations. Korzenny, F. & Ting-Toomey, S. Mass Media Effects Across Cultures. This initiative was prom… Among the harmful programs, which should be strictly avoided by Muslim children and adults, we would list the following: shows depicting illicit sex or center around sex themes, including comedies, and shows depicting crime, violence, sadism, depravity, and anything which can be considered degrading to religion, moral values, or human dignity (Parents’ Manual, 1976, pp. 1. There are thirty countries, mainly in Asia and Africa, with a total population of about 900 million, in which Muslims have an overal… More than two decades ago, Edward Said (1978) argued that Western values were dominating the Arab and Islamic worlds by a curious twist of global consumerism: Arabs exchanged their oil in the open world marketplace for a foreign and antagonistic Western culture. The diversity of the American Muslim community is a distinct obstacle to effective organized political and social action. 10–11. 182–224. Islamic influence upon the local Western ‘successor-states’ of the Arab Empire was naturally still more wide and deep. Gallab, A. How Islam Helped Change the West. Washington, D.C.: American–Arab Affairs Council, 1983. Influences of Islam and Christianity. By supporting local Arabic TV stations in the West, like MBC in London or ANA in the U.S., and making it easy to receive distant Arabic TV stations, Arabsat facilitated the creation of global information broadcasting which ranks alongside other major electronic media in the West. : What do you have to say about the effects of western entertainment? Islamic influence on European cultural heritage is a thorny topic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964. In the 11th century Kumbi, the capital of the kingdom of Ghana (in present-day Mali), was described as having a dozen mosques. What resulted was both new popular awareness and precedent to deal with such worldview conflicts. Upon embracing an Islamic worldview, Cat Stevens/ Yusuf Islam sold his musical instruments and avoided public performances. Sivan, E. Radical Islam: Medieval Theology and Modern Politics, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985. 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