Most species are North American; exceptions include the snowy mespilus (Amelanchier ovalis), which ranges over Europe, and the Asian serviceberry, or Korean juneberry (A. Produces berry-like fruit that ripens in June, changing from … About 10 feet in height, it is somewhat smaller than certain other serviceberry species. 'Regent' - 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide, compact rounded growth habit, yellow and red fall color, drought tolerant. Pricing/Availability: Because of the small size of the tree, serviceberry is not a commercial species. They have tan or grayish bark, clumping or oval forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, pointed tips and serrated edges. (native species) USDA has listed 10 different Serviceberry species present in Minnesota. Set Descending Direction. In the wild, it can grow significantly larger than in the landscape. Early leaves are silvery-green and furry, changing to oval leaves after flowering. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a native of western North America. A hybrid form, apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora) is a fast-growing tree that can reach 25 feet tall and wide. 1 Item . Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. The leaves usually grow between 1 1/4 and 3 1/4 inches long and change to red, orange or yellow in autumn. His work has appeared in the South Bend Tribune, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications. The answer depends on the species of tree. Tolerates a wide range of conditions. All rights reserved. This species is closely related to A. arborea. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. Shadblow Serviceberry, Amalanchier Canadensis, is a great plant for Nebraska landscapes, as it is a native tree. Serviceberry prefers acidic, evenly moist soils in partial shade, with some morning sun. Show. Many cultivated varieties have been developed using these three species and their hybrids for use as ornamental landscape plants and for commercial fruit production. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Some varieties have single trunks, while others have more than one trunk. Roundleaf serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea) Preferring dry soils, this species grows in thickets and woods in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. Prefers loam soils, tolerates sand and clay. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Botanical Name: Amelanchier sp. Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis) has a slim, upright growth habit, often reaching 25 feet in height but only 5 to 10 feet in canopy width. Any pieces available would be a specialist or hobbyist application. Regents of the University of Minnesota. It is a multitrunked shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), also known as Canadian serviceberry or Juneberry, is a large, multi-trunked shrub that can grow up to 30 feet tall. The Latin species name refers to the red twigs. There are several species of serviceberry. Serviceberry (Juneberry) species – Amelanchier ssp. Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a fringed crown opposite its stem. Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. trees are grown for their year-long ornamental interest … Inland serviceberry (Amelanchier interior) is known by many names: serviceberry, juneberry, shadbush, shadblow and May cherry. Its white flower clusters droop when they bloom, its berries are red when ripe and its bark is smooth, gray and vertically striped. A small, slender shrub or tree reaching 20 feet in height, roundleaf serviceberry has spreading, slender stems. In many areas, native plants such as serviceberry are considered protected species and may not be gathered without proper permits. None serious. The 2- to 4-inch long, showy, white flowers typically appear from mid-March until early April, and are borne in pendulous racemes. Plant Search > Downy Serviceberry Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) About Downy Serviceberry. Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. I recently visited a property to look at an exceptionally large specimen of serviceberry. Downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is a 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that is native to the eastern border of Minnesota. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Juneberry, Shadbush, Serviceberry, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Serviceberry. Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. These diagnostic tools will guide you step-by-step through diagnosing a plant problem or identifying a weed or insect. Serviceberry trees fill with small white blossoms just as the earliest trees are breaking bud. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) He has been writing on home, garden and design topics since 1996. Sort By. per page. Flowers give rise to very flavorful, red to purple-black, berrylike fruits relished by both songbirds and people. Mar 24, 2015 - The Amelanchier is a member of the Rosaceae (rose) family. are large shrubs or single- or multi-stemmed small trees. – Serviceberry for most common pests in Minnesota. Is one of the finest small trees for fall color, with leaves turning vivid shades of red and gold. So never eat the fruit or other part of a wild plant unless you are certain of the plant's identification and that it is safe to eat. After the show of these blooms, clusters of edible berries form. It is a small tree growing to a height of 35 feet under favorable conditions. This one had reached medium size tree status. The showy white flowers are among the first of the early spring trees and shrubs to bloom. Needs well-drained soils; avoid wet, poorly drained soils. This lovely tree has colorful fall foliage in a blend of orange, gold, red and green. The very best time to identify serviceberries is in the early spring, when their white blooms stick out against a still dull countryside. As low as $450.00. Add to Wish List Add to Compare. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. Its flower clusters are held erect, and its berries are dark purple when ripe. The five-petaled flowers closely resemble apple blossoms but with skinnier petals. Its berries are dark blue or nearly black when they are ripe. The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. Downy serviceberry is a tall shrub or small tree found throughout Missouri in open or rocky woods. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Soil pH: 5.5 to 7.0; tolerates higher. This tree is steeped in history. Amelanchier arborea, or common serviceberry, is a small tree or tall shrub that reaches heights of 15 to 25 feet. The serviceberry in the western part of Iowa is usually only shrub-like. Native to eastern North America, it occurs naturally in wet sites, bogs, and swamps. Full sun to full shade; cultivars grown for fruit will produce best in full sun. Serviceberry trees display white blooms just before their foliage emerges in early spring, offering some of the earliest sources of nectar for pollinators. The tree flowers in the early spring, and has beautiful, delicate white flowers. Amelanchier , also known as shadbush, shadwood or shadblow, serviceberry or sarvisberry (or just sarvis), juneberry, saskatoon, sugarplum, wild-plum or chuckley pear, is a genus of about 20 species of deciduous-leaved shrubs and small trees in the rose family (Rosaceae). Size and Light Requirements At home in full sun or partial shade, the serviceberry is […] Pendulous clusters of small, round fruit ripens to dark purple in June. It can be grown either as a large shrub or a small tree, depending on how it is pruned. Evan Gillespie grew up working in his family's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Amelanchier Spp. Add to Cart. Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. This gorgeous native tree provides a spectacular display throughout all the seasons. Clusters of 5-petaled, white flowers with brightly-colored anthers in late April or May. per page. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. – Serviceberry. 'Autumn Brilliance' - 25 feet tall by 15 feet wide, rounded growth habit, red fall color. Tall shrub or small tree bearing clusters of fragrant white flowers in April. What's wrong with my plant? Downy Serviceberry is a Tree. Of the about 30 species in serviceberry's genus, most are native to North America and still range freely in their native habitats. Serviceberry, (genus Amelanchier), genus of some 20 species of flowering shrubs and small trees of the rose family (Rosaceae). This species is native to eastern North America and in the wild prefers wet, swampy locations. Always be aware of the relevant local laws before you remove a plant from the wild. Mother Earth News: The Amazing Serviceberry. This species is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Serviceberry specieshave erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. © As mentioned before, the flowers are extremely ornamental, but the bloom period is short in duration (perhaps a week). It is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. Serviceberry trees vary in size. The Amelanchiergenus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum. is a small, shrub or tree that, although frequently cultivated as a garden specimen, also grows in the wild. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. Most berry trees are not poisonous and taste great in pies, such as serviceberry and beautyberry. Trees are woody perennial plants, usually with a single trunk, relatively tall . This tree grows to 20 feet tall. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. In addition to serviceberry, the common names include Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, saskatoon, sarvisberry and Indian wild pear. ... and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. Cl… 'Princess Diana' - 30 feet tall by 20 feet wide, spreading growth habit, red fall color. Some wild berries are poisonous. There are 20 species of serviceberries, including downy serviceberry, Canadian serviceberry and Allegheny serviceberry. The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. The deciduous foliage is elliptical in shape, of medium texture, and has a medium to dark green color. All Rights Reserved. To tell the two species apart, the unfolding foliage of A. laevis is a bronze color and the young leaves lack hair (the Latin name “laevis” means hairless). Known by many names including Juneberry and shadbush, serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) The edible fruit matures in two to three months to small, sweet, blue … Shop Trees by Species ; Serviceberry Trees; Serviceberry Trees. See What's wrong with my plant? Show. Does best in lightly moist to moist soils. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a central truck, or it can be left with multiple trunks. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a fringed crown opposite its stem. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. In early spring, the white flowers bloom in short, erect flower clusters. downy serviceberry Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea (Michx. The striking flowers, the purplish, often sweet berries, and the brilliant fall color make serviceberry an attractive landscaping tree. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The trees yield drooping clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges. View as Grid List. Botanists have had a hard time sorting out the different species in this genus because of hybridization and the fact that these plants can produce seeds asexually (without being pollinated) through a process called apomixis. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. Other common names reflect when the plant flowers, which is in spring, about the time of Easter services and when shad fish spawn. Some of the common names refer to the time of year that the plant bears fruits, which is often in June. In fact, George Washington added this species to his estate at Mount Vernon. Some of the species may actually be subspecies or hybrids of other ones. This plant normally is a shrub or small tree, generally not getting much larger than four or five inches in diameter. Because of this, the general characteristics will be shown and examples Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab. Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), which is also often called shadbush, is native to much of the eastern one-half of the United States. All are listed as being present within the Ceded Territory with the exception of one without specified counties listed. Hardiness zone: 2 to 8, cultivar dependent. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). This species produces … Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry . f.) Fernald symbol: AMAR3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, pinnately-veined, finely serrate, green above and paler below, may be pubescent below, particularly when young. This tree: Blooms in March and April (depending on location), with delicate white flowers arranged in clusters. Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. The species described below are all native to Minnesota. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. However, holly, winterberry, and other similar trees have toxic fruits, and some of them are harmful to humans but not animals. It grows slowly and reaches a mature height of 15 to 25 feet. Rainbow Pillar® - 20 feet tall by 10 feet wide, upright growth habit, orange and red fall color. Serviceberry has an understated gracefulness that provides year-round interest in the landscape. The Autumn Brilliance serviceberry is an excellent choice for those who want to add a native tree. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. It is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 8. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. A common understory tree in the southeastern forests of the U.S., serviceberry is found in the wild from Louisiana to Newfoundland and as far west as Washington. Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia) is a native of western Minnesota's prairies and is a 6-to-9-foot shrub. Leaves alternate, simple, tough, oval to rounded or nearly 4 sided, from 1/4 to 3/4 of the margin serrate, tomentose beneath when young, soon becoming glabrous, 2-5 cm long, 8-13 … They are used as specimen and key plants in landscapes as well as in group plantings as borders, backdrops and screens. 2020 The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. Ripe fruit can be eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies and pies. Eastern or Canadian serviceberry or shadbush (A. canadensis), is a upright suckering shrub or small tree that grows to 20 feet tall. View as Grid List. 1 Item . It differs from some related species in that its immature leaves are bronze in color. is a small, shrub or tree that, although frequently cultivated as a garden specimen, also grows in the wild. Amelanchier As one would expect from a small tree in the rose family, the serviceberry has beautiful flowers and fruit that attract birds and butterflies, as well as brilliant orange-yellow foliage, and reddish bark that becomes more distinct with age. Several species of the genus range throughout North America, and their common names vary from place to place. Excellent wildlife plants attractive to pollinators, birds and other animals. Most species bloom in spring with five-petaled, white flowers. Standing Ovation™- 15 feet tall by 4 feet wide, upright and narrow-crowned growth habit, red and orange fall color. Downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is a 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that is native to the eastern border of Minnesota. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. Deciduous shrub/tree, usually to 20-30 ft (6-9 m) with a spreading to erect habit. Serviceberry, genus Amelanchier, is a member of the rose family. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics.