It has high tensile strength but weak compressive strength. Density: The metal has a density of 7.8 gm/cm3 and a melting point of 1500 centigrade. Learn about the types of metals that are used in domestic construction and understand what they are used for. Following are a few types of Pig Iron distinguished on the basis of their properties. The cupola furnace contains a charging door, a platform and tapping holes for the purpose of blasting the air. It can be hardened but cannot be tempered. It is used for car wheels, rollers for crushing grains, crusher jaw plates, etc. Iron with carbon content of less than 0.1%. Pig Iron is the first or basic form in which Iron is prepared as the metal from its ores. The uses of common metals in a home. Categories & Ages. FREE (5) Popular paid resources. Grab your copy now for all the DIY help you need right at your finger tips! Steel is manufactured using one of the following processes: Steels can be classified in many ways such as on the basis of the methods used in their manufacture, on the carbon content, or according to their use. In white Cast Iron, the entire carbon is in combined state. i.e., in the form of cementite, also known as Iron carbide. Ferrous metals. Will not stain or rust. Metals can be found in our homes. It is very strong, hard, and resistant to Wear and Tear. They can be classified in a variety of ways depending on what property or characteristic you use as a yardstick. 10. The ferrous metals includes all the types of Iron, Steel, and their alloys. Metals-and-their-uses-lesson-Report a problem. It is used in Agricultural machinery making and carpentry tools. And carbon is included in these impurities, its proportion being generally less than 0.12 percent. 5. It has a specific gravity of 7.5, and it has a melting point of 1250°C. Alloy of tin and lead. 2 List of Different types of sheet metals and their uses. Can be moulded but not drawn or twisted. Iron with between 2 and 5% carbon. It can be heated to make into any shape. If you look at a surgeon's table, you will see a lot of metal tools on it. Chromium makes the Cast Iron extremely tough, strong and ductile. But if elements are added other than Iron and carbon, the Steel is known as alloy Steel. Based on properties, metals can be differentiated as. Before they used metals, people made tools from stones, wood, and animal bones. The Iron obtained is malleable as well as ductile. Light easily worked metal, rust resistant. The use of metals is said to be the thing that makes people different from animals. Also, many tools used in medicine like scalpels, scissors, needles, surgical blades are made of metals. Types of Copper Alloys and their Uses. Wrought Iron shows good resistance to fatigue and sudden shock. Metals like, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium titanium, and aluminum are used commonly in medicine in the form of antacids. The Importance of Guard and Hand Rails In Industrial Workplace Safety, Precast Concrete: Its Types, Advantages, Manufacturing. There are over 3,500 different types of steel,which can be separated into four groups depending on its chemical content or metal alloy contents. 5. Ferrous metals are those composed primarily of iron and iron alloys. Easily worked and is suitable for welding and soldering. However, the Steel, containing Iron and carbon, is not referred to as an alloy. The working of the furnace or manufacturing of Cast Iron is as follows: The mixture of Pig Iron, coke, and limestone, known as a charge, is prepared in correct proportions. It is used for automobile cylinder blocks, heads, housings, etc. Think about the base colors in the room you’re working with: If your space has mostly dark tones, use bright metals to contrast. The main difference among them is their chemical composition which offer different features for deferments uses. Test for Compressive Strength of Bricks, Absorption, Efflorescence & Size. Don't fancy doing this project yourself? 1. Iron with carbon and slag. Besides, metals like titanium, aluminum, magnesium are widely used in medicine for roles like antacids. Used for making parts, bodies, and beds of machines. The periodic table divides up metal elements into different types including alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, and transition metals, just to name a few. It is commonly used in castings, dies, molds, machine frames, and pipes, etc. Ferrous metals are those which contain iron as their main constituent or base metal. The resistance against very high temperature, abrasion and corrosion may be improved considerably. They are further subdivided into 3 subcategories. 1. It may consist of one ore plus other metals; or one metal and another nonmetal. Ferrous Metals List | Their Types and Properties: What is Paint, Definition, Properties, & Components of paints. Moreover, the different non-metallic elements used to make alloys are carbon, boron, sulfur, zinc, etc. Ductile Cast Iron is produced by adding any one of the elements of magnesium, calcium, cerium, bismuth, zinc, cadmium, titanium, and boron into the molten Grey Cast Iron. It is also called forge Pig Iron, as it is hard and brittle and can be converted only by using pressure. The tensile strength of the Steel may be increased without affecting its workability. Most metals today are made up of several different elements. The hardness and toughness of Steel increase with the increase in carbon content up to 1.7%. The best thing about Steel is that it has both properties of Cast and Wrought Iron – Compressive Strength of Cast Iron and Tensile Strength of Wrought Iron. Iron (Fe) is the principal element of Ferrous Metals. It is the purest form of Iron, containing all impurities below a limit of 0.5 percent. Easily worked and resistant to rust…Poison risk ! It can also be classified on the basis of Steel casting. A large number of metals are available in nature. Cast Iron is manufactured in a furnace known as cupola furnace. It is not easily machinable due to its hardness, hence, require special tools for machining. This is explained by a number of reasons: 1. Why is it that ferrous Alloys have low electrical conductivity. 2. Alloy Cast Irons are also called as plain Cast Irons. The different metals that are used to prepare alloys are zinc, copper, tin, aluminum, chromium, nickel, silver, etc. Mild steel has up to 0.3 percent carbon, and the rest is iron. It is also called foundry pig. Easiliy worked. Often alloys are stronger and harder than pure metal. Noble metals. Nonferrous metals are those composed pri- marily of some element or elements other than iron. Non-ferrous metals. Steel is an alloy of Iron and carbon, where the carbon content is less than 1.7%. A flat file has (you’ve guessed it) a flat surface and is used to file larger, flat areas of metal, to straighten up edges, and to work on the outside curve of a ring. 24 carats is pure gold. Valuable metal. - This is the most useful metal we have. Following are the common types of Cast Iron used in engineering materials. Moreover, it can be welded with ease. Let us help you find a tradesman local to you. Some metals have specific qualities that dictate their use. Different types of steel are produced according to the properties required for their application, and various grading systems are used to distinguish steels based on these properties. Nickel is added to effect an increase in the hardness and resistance to wear. The slag is removed intermittently through the hole and molten metal taken out through its tap hole. The elements of the composition of Steel apart from carbon are sulfur, silicon, phosphorus, manganese, etc. Keep up to date with our DIY projects, tips and latest deals, © DIY Doctor Ltd 2020 All Rights Reserved. And in any other field of engineering activity, it may not be possible to move ahead without metals. It is used in flywheels and agricultural implements. Valuable metal, soft easily worked and damaged. Similar to lead but lighter and not so easily bent. The metals that Steelworkers work with are divided into two general classifications: ferrous and nonferrous. Abrasive Definition and Types of Abrasives its Forms and Applications. The other end called the metal end. Cast iron is normally used in the manufacture of heavy crushing machinery, machine tool parts, brake drums, car cylinder blocks, machine handles, gear wheels, plumbing material, as well as several household items. Physical: Wrought Iron is bluish in color, has a silky luster and fibrous structure. It possesses useful properties of both Cast Iron and mild Steels. In the automotive, building and bridge construction, railways, light, and heavy machinery, shipping, and transportation. Brass sheet metals 2.3.1 Brass sheet metals Uses; 2.4 #4. Used in compression members, bed plates, etc. It is malleable, ductile, tough, and resistant to corrosion. So the temperature can be calculated at this junction. 2. Steel with nickel and chromium. Different Types of Metals. It is soft compared to other Cast Irons and has good machinability. 2. The molten metal taken out are fed into the molds prepared to get desired shapes. Soft metal, easily worked. These are Steels made with the addition of a definite proportion of a selected element or elements in addition to carbon at the manufacturing stage. 9. The electrical, magnetic, and thermal properties may be modified in the desired direction. 1. 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