Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Black chokeberry gets its specific epithet (Melanocarpa), which means black fruit, from the black berries it produces. Its glossy green leaves turn a radiant red color in fall. In fact, the black chokeberry has the highest antioxidant concentration of any berry! Because of suckering and its tolerance to wet soils, this species is typically used in mass planting, in naturalized and woodland gardens, for erosion control, in windbreaks and in excessively wet soils. The Black Chokeberry is an adaptable durable shrub that is native to Minnesota. Noted for its showy black berries and excellent purple-red foliage color, Aronia melanocarpa (Black Chokeberry) is a very adaptable, spreading, deciduous shrub which adds multi-season beauty to the garden. Last updated March 1, 2015. The Black Chokeberry thrives in both Fall and Spring seasons, with an explosion of black fruit in the fall, mature height is 3 to 8 feet and a width of 2 to 6 feet. 2020 You can either buy young plants to transplant to your garden or bare roots to cultivate later. Black chokeberry is an under used deciduous shrub with multi season interest. We do not share email addresses. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aronia is now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, × Sorbaronia mitschurinii. Venation: Parallel curving towards leaf point/tip. Red Chokeberries, and their close cousins Black Chokeberries, provide high wildlife value to any garden. It is characteristic of black chokeberry that the fruits wither while still on the bush. Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Black chokeberry is a dependable small to medium sized shrub with upright, mounded habit. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. The fruit is actually edible and jams/jellies can be found in gourmet groceries. These dark purple, red, or almost black berries are high in fiber and Vitamin K. Today, chokecherries are most often used in jellies, vinegar, syrups and juice. It has fragrant white flower clusters in Spring, brilliant fall color, and large shiny dark berries that persist throughout winter. Foliage is dark green and glossy. 2'-3'+ Shrub in 3 gallon Container - Nursery Pick Up or Delivery Available : Price: $ 17.50: Available: 229 : Quantity: Black Chokeberry quantity . Black chokeberry is native to the Great Lakes region and the Northeastern U.S., with a southerly extension into the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains. Used medicinally, it is said to improve urinary tract health, strengthen blood cells, and improve … University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? The flowers yield to black fruits (berries) by fall. The genus is usually considered to contain two or three species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. Full sun or partial shade. It is hardy to zone 3. The plant is self-fruitful with power packed aronia berries, which are high in Vitamin C, iodine and antioxidants. Chokeberries are considered one of the world's superfoods due to the huge amount ofÿantioxidants packed into the berries. Commonly consumed as juice, fruits should be harvested as soon as they are ripe. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Aronia, commonly referred to as chokeberry, is a shrub native to the eastern United States that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 3 through 8. Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa formerly: Photinia melanocarpa Rosaceae. Regents of the University of Minnesota. However, t… Fruit can persist into winter and serves as a food source for birds and other wildlife. Fall color ranges from burgundy to purple. The Black Chokeberry is a flowering shrub that is valued by many gardeners as a visually pleasing and—quite literally—tasteful addition to their landscapes. Often Confused with European Buckthorn. Native Black Chokeberry leaf (above) Red Fall Color (below) Black Chokeberry ~ Aronia melanocarpa. Its clustered berries are high in antioxidants, and in recent times have been touted as a “superfood”. They used the berries in every possible way including fresh, dried, mashed, cooked and added to soup, frozen, pressed into cakes, or canned for winter use. Native trees and shrubs that will grow and perform well. Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. The dark, glossy leaves turn purple, orange and a brilliant red in fall. ‘Autumn Magic’ - compact habit, fall color, large abundant fruit clusters, var. This shrub is suckering and will tolerate wet soils, so works well as a shrub border or planted near water, even in clay. Red chokeberry ( Aronia arbutifolia ) of native plants for a particular purpose. – Chokeberry for a list of the most common black chokeberry pests in Minnesota. Fruit can persist into winter and serves as a food source for birds and other wildlife. Aronia melanocarpa, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 3-6’ tall. It can tolerate periodic flooding or wet conditions, but will sucker more in wet areas. You may unsubscribe at any time. This interesting native shrub requires minimal maintenance and tolerates many soil conditions. Buy black chokeberry from our native plant nursery in Glenwood, MD. Berries can have a bitter taste however, hence the unusual name. You may unsubscribe at any time. Bailey (1914) lists it as Aronia, and notes that the genus Aronia derives from aria, a subgenus of Sorbus. Order Online Notes $ 6.95 – $ 17.50. (Aronia melanocarpa) is an adaptable shrub native to Minnesota with hardiness and wide tolerance to a variety of soil textures, densities, pH levels and moisture conditions. Black chokeberry can also be used as an edible fruit crop although the fruit is too astringent to eat raw. Just keep the soil around them moist and make sure they get enough sunlight. Bailey (1951) differentiates Aronia from Sorbus by the features of different leaf serrations, differing arrangement of styles within the flowers, and by the fact that Aronia bears glands o… USDA SCS. How to Grow Aronia. We met up with Jim Passwaters, owner of Sussex Landscaping, to spotlight the Black Chokeberry and Atlantic White Cedar. They can be easily processed, but do require the removal of the leaves, stems and pits. Check out the Grow Native! It can be found thriving in low woods, swamps, and moist thickets. The common name chokeberry may come from the fact that its fruits are very bitter when eaten right off the tree. Add to cart. Black chokeberry has dark green leaves that are 1 to 3 inches long and lanceolate or elliptical in shape. May reduce height when mature. Grows poorly under walnut. The high-antioxidant fruit is used in baking and to make jams, jellies, syrup, tea, juice and wine. In cultivated landscapes, where chokeberries have less competition and receive more fertility and care, they become strongly suckering plants. For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site. Other: Fall color, edible, native. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHME13) Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHME13) University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHME13) University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PHME13) recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. It would most likely be confused with a Prunus species, also in the Rose family, but the small red glands along the upper leaf midrib and pink stamens that are shorter than the petals are diagnostic. Locally grown natives. In southern Illinois, where it is rare, this shrub is restricted to glades … In April the flowers provide nectar and pollen to native bees and butterflies including mason, miner, and bumblebees and even little known but diverse flower flies. The Black Huckleberry was and is a culturally significant plant to many Native Americans who carefully cultivated it in the wild. Native, No County Data: Introduced, No County Data: Both, No County Data: Native Status: L48 : AK : HI : PR : VI : NAV : CAN : GL : SPM : NA : Images. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Habitats include sand prairies, sandy shrub prairies, hill prairies, thickets, sandy savannas, sandy areas along woodland paths, sandstone glades, rocky bluffs, moist sandy thickets, and bogs. It grows clusters of small white flowers in May that turn into black fruits in late summer. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Edge: Serrated. We do not share email addresses. 1991. The Black Chokeberry is an excellent landscape shrub with multi-season interest. In spring, returning birds feast on the blackish-purple fruits that persist through the winter. Black chokeberry is a member of Rosaceae (Rose Family), and is commonly referred to as black chokeberry, aronia or aroniaberry. Clusters of pure white flowers in spring. It provides habitat and food for wildlife and is a great plant for natural areas with wet soil. Native Environment: Forest. Dark green foliage turns reddish-purple in the fall. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Green, White. Fall Color: Orange, Red, Yellow. This photo shows fruits in mid-September. Suckering shrub with red, yellow to orange fall color and shiny black berries. Black chokeberry varieties have been selected for less suckering, compact growth, improved fruit yields and fall color. Aronia melanocarpa var. It features white flowers that come in clusters called corymbs. Black Chokeberry is Native to the following States & Ohio counties. Picked out your plants? click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Aronia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Robert H. Mohlenbrock. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Use only with permission. Black chokeberry is a small to medium sized shrub with an upright, mounded habit. P.O. In autumn, leaves change from green to vibrant tones of red, orange and purple. Let … The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. In spring, clusters of small white flowers emerge and eventually mature in autumn into ink-black fruit. Glossy Black Chokeberry is a suckering shrub native to Wisconsin with four season interest. Lauren's Garden Service & Native Plant Nursery. Small clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by glossy black fruit. If you have questions, we have answers. Black chokeberry is considered to be the tastier of the two common chokeberry species; its astringent flavor is due to the high level of antioxidants in the fruits. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. The black chokeberry is native from Maine to Georgia and north to Minnesota, while red chokeberry is native from Maine to east Texas, but not the Midwest. Deciduous tree; it drops its leaves in fall, Dark green glossy, finely-toothed 1 to 3 inch leaves, 2- to 3-inch clusters of white flowers in spring have showy pink anthers, Clusters of ¼ to ½ inch fruit turn purplish-black or black in late summer and autumn, Plant in full sun; tolerates partial shade, Poorly-drained to well-drained; moist to wet soils. Plant Type: Shrubs. elata - fall color, large abundant fruit clusters, reduced suckering, Iroquois Beauty™ - compact habit, fall color, ‘Viking’ - fall color, large abundant fruit clusters, Beth Berlin, Extension educator; Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Can almost be grown in any soil type, dry to very wet. … The fire-like autumnal foliage makes this fruiting plant a real ornamental feature as well. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Leaf Arrangement on Branch: Alternate. A small native shrub with a vase-like shape, Aronia melanocarpa spreads slowly to form a thicket, providing desirable shelter for a variety of birds. Given its snow-white blossoms, ink-black berries, crimson-red foliage, and its appeal to birds and wildlife, it could arguably be regarded as the fair Snow White of the plant kingdom. Although common in many parts of … Range & Habitat: The native Black Chokeberry is occasional in sandy areas of NE Illinois, otherwise it is rare or absent within the state (see Distribution Map). Nice small, multi-branched shrub for edge of a wooded area, small garden spaces or to plant in groupings. Black Chokeberry is occasional throughout central and north eastern forests, though most common in open shrublands of the Anoka Sandplain. © Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Leaf Stem (Petiole): Short, often reddish-pink at base. Small clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by glossy black fruit. White flowers are borne in clusters and precede the clusters of blue-black colored fruit. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. This photo shows fruits in mid-September. Aronia melanocarpa, Black Chokeberry is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. But it is most valued for its red fall foliage. The black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub with a mounded shape. Black chokeberry Upright form of 'Autumn Magic' black chokeberry ( Aronia melanocarpa ) is an adaptable shrub native to Minnesota with hardiness and wide tolerance to a variety of soil textures, densities, pH levels and moisture conditions. Since black chokeberry is a native plant in North America, you shouldn’t have any problem finding them in local plant nurseries. Cover, Nesting, Food/Birds, Food/Small Animals. They’re not very hard to grow and maintain either. Gift Certificates. It is native to low woods, swamps, bogs and moist thickets but occasionally to dry upland areas, from Newfoundland to southern Ontario and Minnesota south to Missouri, Tennessee and Georgia. The Black Huckleberry is also an important food source for many mammals and birds. Each of these parts of the plant contain hydrocyanic acid, posing a significantly higher risk to livestock than people, as animals are more likely to consume large quantities of the leaves. The high-antioxidant fruit is used in baking and to make jams, jellies, syrup, tea, juice and wine. In spring, it has showy white flower clusters. In spring, a profusion of fragrant, whitish pink flowers are borne in loose clusters, 2 in wide (5 cm), of up to 8. Native habitat: eastern North America Light requirements: sun ... Black chokeberry is a suckering shrub that forms a dense colony. Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) is graced with abundant beautiful white flowers for a few weeks in May. Shape: Elliptical to oblong. All rights reserved. The fact that it has been classified in four genera reflects its history of taxonomic difficulty. It is also valued by gardeners in North America for its native status. 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