Alternanthera brasiliana, also known as large purple alternanthera, metal weed, bloodleaf, parrot leaf, ruby leaf, Brazilian joyweed, purple alternanthera, purple joyweed, is a flowering plant of the amaranth family that is native to the forests of South America and as well as Central America. Perennial herb to 1.5(-2) m, sometimes vining (scandent), scrambling or fruticose; stems erect, spreading, with swollen, purple nodes; stems and young leaves densely appressed-tawny-pubescent. Plant size and density varies. Description: • Purple Prince, Alternanthera Brasiliana. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. This work has analysed the morpho-anatomy of the leaf and stem, in order to supply knowledge to the medicinal plant identification. Naturalised overseas in south-eastern USA (i.e. Grind. 25). Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) O. Kuntze, Amaranthaceae is a Brazilian perennial herb employed as analgesic and anti- inflammatory in the traditional medicine. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze (Amaranthaceae) is a herbaceous plant used against inflammation, cough, and diarrhea in Brazilian popular medicine. Griseb. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Alternanthera plants are known to produce allelopathic compounds that injure other plants, including crops. By making this purchase, you are agreeing to the following terms: Live Purple Prince, Alternanthera Brasiliana. Alternanthera Sessilis or known as Ponnanganni is an aquatic plant that belongs to amarantheceae family and grown in tropical and subtropical regions. Masih belum dipastikan jumlah keseluruhan jenis tanaman ini, namun diperkirakan jumlahnya antara 80 sampai 200 jenis. The foliage is smooth or toothed, and is the main feature of the plant, while flowers are less noticeable. French Guiana: Plant used in a tea for angina (Oldeman BC. Alternanthera is a large genus incorporating 200 species of bushy annuals and perennials that are grown mainly for their attractive colorful leaves. Petiole less than 1 cm long; blade elliptical, lanceolate or ovate, acuminate at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, 5-12.5 x 1.5-4.7 cm, green (reddish-purple in cultivar ‘Rubiginosa’, see note). Title Tropical Flowering Plants. ; Alternanthera angustifolia R.Br. sec. Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. It can also be easily propagated by cuttings.[2]. longiseta Suess. [2] Most species of joyweed, including this one, are considered as environmental weeds in Queensland, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, and Western Australia. jacquinii Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana var. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. 5.1 Dravya; 5.2 Rasa; 5.3 Guna; 5.4 Veerya; 5.5 Vipaka; 5.6 Karma; 5.7 Prabhava; 6 Habit; 7 Identification. In our preliminary study, promising wound healing activity of methanol extract of leaves of A. brasiliana (MEAB) was observed in normal excision and incision wound models. It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Share. Alternanthera brasiliana f. angustifolia Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana f. bicolor Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana f. obtusifolia Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana f. rubicunda Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana var. Utricle oblong, 2.1 mm long; seeds deep red or brown, cylindrical or subglobose, 1.6-1.8 mm long, shining. Alternanthera brasiliana, commonly known as brazilian joyweed, is a herbaceous perennial or annual native to riparian and disturbed sites in South and Central America. Grown as an ornamental plant, it is very similar in appearance to Alternanthera dentata, which is listed as one of this species's synonyms. [4], It is used as an ornamental plant with many cultivars, such as 'Purple Prince' and 'Little Ruby' (this name is also used for the similar-looking Alternanthera dentata cultivars). Year 2003 Alternanthera philoxeroides is found in tropical to warm temperate zones. Common names are from state and federal lists. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the … Description; Distribution; Common Name; Uses; Notes; Description. Publication Author Llamas K.A. Take fresh Alternanthera Sessilis ( Garundi ) Leaves. Central, North, South High Invasion Risk. Rooted Cuttings. [2] Grown as an ornamental plant, it is very similar in appearance to Alternanthera dentata, which is listed as one of this species's synonyms.[1]. These frost-tender perennials are grown as annuals and range in size from 2-inch dwarfs to 12-inch mounds of foliage. New World tropics; 72 collections studied, all from the Guianas (GU: 22; SU: 16; FG: 33). Gomphrena brasiliana L. Achyranthes brasiliana (L.) Standl. It is relatively common in northern Queensland and the northern parts of the Northern Territory. It is often harvested from the wild for regional use as a food and medicine, where it is used as an antiviral and anti-diarrhoea agent. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Alternanthera Sessilis ( Garundi ) Leaves for Eye Diseases. [3] Its very small brown fruit (1.5–2 mm long) contains one seed that's generally hidden within the older flower parts. Alternanthera brasiliana. [1], Shrub in Enchanted Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alternanthera_brasiliana&oldid=986895974, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:57. Alternanthera jacquinii (Schrad.) van Proosdij, R. Duno de Stefano & al., 2004. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, 2-16 cm long pedunculate heads (rarely with a smaller, sessile head in addition to long-pedunculate ones); heads of numerous flowers, hemispherical and to 1 cm long, to conical and to 2.5 cm long, or shortly cylindrical; pedicels minute; bracts ovate to lance-acuminate, mucronate, hyaline, 1-veined, 2.8-4 mm long; bracteoles conduplicate, lanceolate, 4-5.1 mm long, acute, apiculate, serrulate, with stramineous, denticulate margin, pubescent on upper half of back, longer than tepals, with a prominently raised central vein along fold, enclosing tepals. No known synonyms Conclusions by Zone. are popular for their colorful foliage that includes several shades of burgundy, red, orange, yellow and lime green.Some species have single-or bi-colored leaves, while others have the entire rainbow of color in a single plant. Maina, A.S.J. Plants are not very cold tolerant - frost and ice will kill exposed stems and leaves, but stems underneath this top mat of dead material are often protected enough to survive the … Abstract . Species epithet 'brasiliana' refers to the Brazilian origin of the species form. This plant has no children Legal Status. "Other species with potential to invade include yellow bells (Tecoma stans), Brazilian joyweed (Alternanthera brasiliana cv. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze (Ab) and Alternanthera tenella Colla (At) belong to the genus Alternanthera Forkssal of the family Amaranthaceae, including 80 species of evergreen, perennial herbs, native to tropical and sub-tropical regions of Australia and South America, of which 30 occur in Brazil. The asterisk character * can be used as wildcard, but must not be used as first character. Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Predicted to be invasive and not recommended by IFAS. PLEASE READ THE FULL DESCRIPTION & POLICIES BELOW. General information about Alternanthera brasiliana (ALRBR) Mexico, Central America, South America (northern). Alternanthera sessilis and it's closely related and similar looking species like Alternanthera philoxeroides, Alternanthera nodiflola and Alternanthera brasiliana, and some of the less similar too, like Alternanthera pungens, Alternanthera bettzickiana, Alternanthera ficoidea and Alternanthera sissoo. ex Kuntze : Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Stuchlik ex R.E. Enter the name or part of a name you wish to search for. Its vanilla-coloured, pom-pom flowers are ordered in compact clusters (7–20 mm long) in the top leaf branching and are small in shape. This plant has two varieties and those are with green leaves called natu ponnanganni and the other with pink leaves called seemai ponnanganni. glabriuscula Kuntze Alternanthera brasiliana var. Common Names. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) O. Kuntze, Amaranthaceae is a Brazilian perennial herb employed as analgesic and anti-inflammatory in the traditional medicine. Alternanthera brasiliana 'Ruby' or Alternanthera brasiliana 'Rubra') is probably the most common of these, and has reddish-purple coloured leaves. S.L. Genus epithet 'Alternanthera' is a combination of 'alternans' (Latin for alternating) and 'anthera' (Greek for anthers), alluding to how alternate anthers of plants from this genus are sterile. It can flower any time of the year, but in temperate and cooler subtropical climates it flowers more often in winter. Alternanthera brasiliana ist eine Staude. Tepals, white, with hyaline, stramineous margin, narrowly lanceolate, 3.0-4.3 mm long, acute, apiculate, entire, 3-veined, appressed-puberulent on back in a line on the middle; stamens 5, anthers oblong, pseudostaminodia exceeding stamens, ligulate, apically incised or dentate; stigma capitate. Purple joyweed (Alternanthera brasiliana) is becoming widely naturalised in the coastal districts of northern and eastern Australia. 3. Alternanthera brasiliana Kuntze (Family: Amaranthaceae), an herbaceous plant commonly known in Brazil as Penicillin or Brazilian Joy Weed is a neotropical native species, which grows easily on poor and deforested soil. Spesies ini termasuk: Alternanthera albotomentosa Suess. The plant is used against inflammation, cough, and diarrhea in Brazilian popular medicine. Rubiginosa*), Poinciana (Delonix regia*) and butterfly pea (Clitorea ternatea*) other weed species. These clusters are rounded to slightly lengthened in shape and are foaled on stalks which are normally 3–10 cm long. Rooted starter plant, 4” Pot. (Alternanthera brasiliana) is now regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and the Northern Territory." Publisher Timber Press; Oregon. Moreover, it is naturalised in the wilderness and cultivated land in west Africa, coastal districts of northern and eastern Australia, Florida, South Africa, some of the Pacific Islands, and in shaded ravine slopes and creeks in Java. Joseph’s coat plants (Alternanthera spp.) ABSTRACT. Alternanthera brasiliana is an erect, herbaceous plant that can grow up to 3 metres tall, but is usually less than 1 metre in cultivation[710. Brazilian joyweed Synonyms. Plants from the genus Alternanthera are thought to possess antimicrobial and antiviral properties.In Brazilian folk medicine, the aqueous extract of A. tenella Colla is used for its anti-inflammatory activity.The present study investigated the immunomodulatory property of A. tenella extract by evaluating the antibody production in male albino Swiss mice weighing 20-25 g (10 per group). [2] It may lose some of its leaves in winter, making it partially "deciduous" in places that have slightly cool winters. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. Alternanthera brasiliana. Also naturalised in the coastal districts of central and southern Queensland and in the Kimberley region in northern Western Australia. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze – Brazilian joyweed Subordinate Taxa. Cultivated as an ornamental. Fr. Cultivars with leaves dark reddish-purple, known hitherto as A. ‘Rubiginosa’ and/or ‘Ruby’, are represented by a specimen grown in a garden in Cayenne, French Guiana (Alexandre 490, CAY). It is an erect, sprawling, herbaceous plant that may grow up to 3 metres tall, though it is usually less than 1 metre as a cultivated plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. Its opposite leaves, which are 1–10 cm long and 0.7–5 cm wide, are usually coloured purple-specked or luminous reddish-purple. The plant is native to Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas, Nicaragua, Belize, Guatemala, Mexico and the Caribbean. OR : … Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) O. Kuntze, (Amaranthaceae) is a very important herb that virtually all its parts are useful in traditional medicine; its leaves being the most commonly used [6]. Florida), South Africa and on some Pascific islands (e.g. The plant's stems, which range between red, green and purple, are delicately hirsute when juvenile, though they'd become glabrescent as they get older. Have one teaspoon twice a day for one month. [4] Biological pest control agents now in use to reduce alligator weed infestations include the alligator weed flea beetle ( Agasicles hygrophila ), the alligator weed thrips ( Amynothrips andersoni ), and the alligator weed stem borer ( Arcola malloi ). This plant has also escaped cultivation and can be found in the United States, South Africa, and Australia, where it has the potential to become invasive. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Alternanthera brasiliana ist eine Art aus der Gattung Alternanthera die circa 138 bis 171 Arten umfasst und zur Familie der Amaranthaceae (Amaranthgewächse) gehört. Perennial herb to 1.5(-2) m, sometimes vining (scandent), scrambling or fruticose; stems erect, spreading, with swollen, purple nodes; stems and young leaves densely appressed-tawny-pubescent. It grows in full sun in moist, well drained soils, where it will multiply by self-seeding. Content. Alternanthera sissoo is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. Starr-080219-2899-Alternanthera brasiliana-leaves and flowerheads-Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula-Maui (24811294591).jpg 2,112 × 2,816; 2.56 MB Starr-080219-9005-Alternanthera brasiliana-plant-Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula-Maui (24537376819).jpg 1,235 × 2,094; 519 KB Dwarfs to 12-inch mounds of foliage by making this purchase, you are agreeing to the Brazilian origin the! Current Standing: accepted … Abstract and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South and... 1–10 cm long, cough, and is the main feature of the plant is listed by U.S.. 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